cell structure
cell function
biological molecules
transport
biology potpourri
100
A large round structure, surrounded by a membrane in the center of the cell
What is the nucleus
100
this organelle is called the brain of the cell
What is the nucleus
100
Glucose is a monomer of this group
What is carbohydrate
100
transport not requiring energy
What is passive transport
100
These cell types have angular cell walls, large vacuoles and chloroplasts
What are plant cells
200
A system of interconnected membranes surrounding the nucleus (no ribosomes)
What is smooth ER
200
This organelle is the site of photosynthesis in plant cells
What is the chloroplast
200
amino acids are monomers of this group
What is protein
200
the passive transport of water across a semipermeable membrane
What is osmosis
200
this jelly-like substance fills the cells interior
What is the cytoplasm
300
A small, dark staining structure located within the nucleus
What is nucleolus
300
This organelle assembles polypeptides
What is the ribosome
300
The cell membrane is composed of molecules that belong to this group
What is lipid
300
water moves out of the cell if it is placed in this environment
What is hypertonic
300
A solution with a pH lower than 7
What is an acid
400
This structure is a stack of flattened membranes named after the scientist who discovered it.
What is Golgi Body
400
This organelle packages proteins for transport out of the cell
What is Golgi Body
400
this type of fatty acid possesses a number of double bonds along its hydrocarbon tail
What are unsaturated fatty acids
400
The active transport of large molecules out of the cell
What is exocytosis
500
Shaped like a jellybean, this organelle has an outer membrane and an inner, folded membrane
What is the mitochondria
500
This organelle is larger in plant cells than animal cells and is responsible for storing water and wastes
What is a vacuole
500
The molecule termed "the energy currency of the cell" is apart of this group
What are nucleic acids
500
This integral membrane protein actively moves 3 sodium ions out of the cell while bringing in 2 potassium ions
What is the Na/K pump
500
The name of the chemical reaction in which two monomers are joined to form a polymer and water
What is dehydration synthesis
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