History & Such
DNA
RNA
Replication
Translation & Transcription

100

Information from X-ray crystallograpic data was collected by this person but used by others to form the model of DNA.
Who is Rosalin Franklin?

100

The hereditary material that is found in all cells in every living organism is called this.
What is Deoxyribonucleic Acid?

100

Class of RNA that carries the genetic info as it is needed for making a protein.
What is messenger RNA?

100

DNA is made up of these four nucleotides.
What is adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine?

100

Translation occurs ____ and transcription occurs ____.
What is the cytoplasm and the nucleus?

200

X-ray diffraction photography of Franklin & Wilkins was critical in determining what characteristic structure of DNA?
What is the double helix?

200

A nucleotide is composed of these three things.
What are nitrogen base, phosphate, and sugar?

200

Class of RNA that carries the amino acids with them.
What is transfer RNA?

200

Enzyme that joins complementary DNA nucleotides together.
What is DNA polymerase?

200

Translation occurs at this specific site.
What is a ribosome?

300

In DNA the nitrogen base adenine always pairs with ______ and cytosine always pairs with _________.
What is thymine and guanine?

300

Found in RNA but not in DNA.
What is Uracil?

300

Class of RNA that forms large and small subunits of cytoplasmic structure?
What is ribosomal RNA?

300

Enzyme responsible for unwinding the DNA during replication.
What is helicase?

300

Transcribe this DNA sequence to make a mRNA molecule: AAACAACTT
What is UUUGUUGAA?

400

If an organism has 27% Guanine in its DNA, what percentage of the DNA would be made up of Adenine?
What is 23%?

400

A gene is located on the _____ of the cell.
What is the DNA?

400

Messenger RNA is produced here and carries sets of three nucleotides called this.
What is the nucleus and codon?

400

Replication happens during this particular time in a cell's cycle.
What is Interphase (S phase)?

400

The addition of a poly-A tail to mRNA occurs after this process.
What is transcription?

500

In modern biochemical genetics, the flow of inherited information is this. (three parts)
What is DNA --> RNA --> protein OR replication --> transcription --> translation?

500

Portion of DNA that is not expressed is called this.
What is an intron?

500

This part of a tRNA will base pair with the codon of a mRNA.
What is the anticodon?

500

DNA replication is considered semi-conservative because of this.
What is each helix being formed of an old strand and a new one?

500

The correct sequence of events in the production of a polypeptide is this. (3 steps)
What is initiation --> elongation --> termination?