History & Such DNA RNA Replication Translation & Transcription

100

Who is Rosalin Franklin?
Information from X-ray crystallograpic data was collected by this person but used by others to form the model of DNA.

100

What is Deoxyribonucleic Acid?
The hereditary material that is found in all cells in every living organism is called this.

100

What is messenger RNA?
Class of RNA that carries the genetic info as it is needed for making a protein.

100

What is adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine?
DNA is made up of these four nucleotides.

100

What is the cytoplasm and the nucleus?
Translation occurs ____ and transcription occurs ____.

200

What is the double helix?
X-ray diffraction photography of Franklin & Wilkins was critical in determining what characteristic structure of DNA?

200

What are nitrogen base, phosphate, and sugar?
A nucleotide is composed of these three things.

200

What is transfer RNA?
Class of RNA that carries the amino acids with them.

200

What is DNA polymerase?
Enzyme that joins complementary DNA nucleotides together.

200

What is a ribosome?
Translation occurs at this specific site.

300

What is thymine and guanine?
In DNA the nitrogen base adenine always pairs with ______ and cytosine always pairs with _________.

300

What is Uracil?
Found in RNA but not in DNA.

300

What is ribosomal RNA?
Class of RNA that forms large and small subunits of cytoplasmic structure?

300

What is helicase?
Enzyme responsible for unwinding the DNA during replication.

300

What is UUUGUUGAA?
Transcribe this DNA sequence to make a mRNA molecule: AAACAACTT

400

What is 23%?
If an organism has 27% Guanine in its DNA, what percentage of the DNA would be made up of Adenine?

400

What is the DNA?
A gene is located on the _____ of the cell.

400

What is the nucleus and codon?
Messenger RNA is produced here and carries sets of three nucleotides called this.

400

What is Interphase (S phase)?
Replication happens during this particular time in a cell's cycle.

400

What is transcription?
The addition of a poly-A tail to mRNA occurs after this process.

500

What is DNA --> RNA --> protein OR replication --> transcription --> translation?
In modern biochemical genetics, the flow of inherited information is this. (three parts)

500

What is an intron?
Portion of DNA that is not expressed is called this.

500

What is the anticodon?
This part of a tRNA will base pair with the codon of a mRNA.

500

What is each helix being formed of an old strand and a new one?
DNA replication is considered semi-conservative because of this.

500

What is initiation --> elongation --> termination?
The correct sequence of events in the production of a polypeptide is this. (3 steps)

#1 DNA Structure, Transcription, & Translation ~ Advance Biology~

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