Schemes
Tropes
Figurative Language
Elements of Argument
Misc.
100

Arrangement in order of increasing importance: "Let a man acknowledge his obligations to himself, his family, his country, and his God."

What is Climax? (or Auxesis or Crescendo)

100

When something is something else: the ladder of success (i.e.,success is a ladder). "The office is a bee hive of activity on Mondays." Or recall the old anti-drug commercial: "This is your brain on drugs."

What is a Metaphor?

100

"Never trust an atom, they make up everything!"

What is a pun?

100

Statements about what is true or good or about what should be done or believed

What is a claim?

100

Repetition of a sound in multiple words (or first letter) 

What is allieration?

200

Intentionally breaking work into two parts for emphasis: "I have but two words to say to your request: Im possible."

What is Tmesis?

200

When something is like something else: "Her skin was like alabaster." "He was as unpleasant as a wart." 

What is a similie?

200

"The wind howled through the trees."

What is personification?

200

Statements that support a given claim, making a claim more than a mere assertion

What is a reason?

200

Contrary ideas expressed in a balanced sentence

 What is Antithesis?

300

Inverted word order from what one expects: "One ad does not a survey make."

What is Anastrophe?

300

Words that sound like what they mean. For example, Buzz; Click; Rattle; Clatter; Squish.

What is an onomatapoeia?

300

"We cannot dedicate—we cannot consecrate—we cannot hallow—this ground."

What is an anaphora?

300

Proves the reasons offered and helps compel audiences to accept an advanced claim

What is support?

300

Using many conjuctions to achieve an overwheling effect

What is polysyndeton?

400

Presenting alternatives in a balanced manner: "You can sleep well."

What is Alloisis?

400

Exaggeration: "His thundering shout could split rocks." 

What is a hyperbole?

400

A dish as a substitute for a whole plate of food or a hand and as a substitute for assistance.

What is a metonymy?

400

Inferences or assumptions that connect the support to the claim

What is the warrant?

400

Intentionally misusuing grammar to characterize a speaker or to create a memorable phrase

What is enallage?

500

Omitting a word implied by the previous clause: "The European soldiers killed six of the remaining villagers, the American soldiers, eight."

What is Ellipsis?

500

Asking a rhetorical quesion question to the reader as a transition or as a thought-provoking tool before proceeding. "What should honest citizens do?"

What is a erotema?

500

“Let’s go to the movies!” — uses “movies” to mean a specific movie playing at a local theater.

What is a synecdoche?

500

Discussion of the other side and granting that the other side has some validity

What is the concession?

500

Uninterrupted repetition, or repetition with only one or two words between each repeated phrase

What is diacope/epizeuxis?

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