Literary Elements
Summary and Central Idea
Conflicting Viewpoints
Purpose and Point of View

What is characterization?

Characterization is when the writer includes feelings, descriptions, and thoughts to tell readers about a character.


What does it mean to paraphrase?

To rewrite something in your own words.


What is a conflicting viewpoint?

It is a viewpoint different or opposite from the author's original point of view.


What is the author’s purpose and the author’s point of view of an article?

The author's purpose is the reason their writing the article and the point of view is their opinion on the topic.


What do you look for in a text when you're trying to learn about a character?

Look for any lines that help show the character's feelings, thoughts, actions, descriptions.


What two things must be included in a summary?

The main idea and key details.


What does it mean for an author to acknowledge a conflicting viewpoint?

To write it out in their article what other people have to say about the same topic.


Why do we cite textual evidence?

To support our opinions about a topic.


Why do we study dialogue?

It helps readers to understand the characters and the plot of the story.


What is a central idea?

A main idea that ties the text together; it is seen throughout an entire text.


What does it mean for an author to respond to conflicting viewpoints?

To name their own feelings once more after acknowledging other viewpoints.


What clues do we look for to determine the author’s point of view?

We look for lines that show the author's opinions, such as direct statements or words that explain their attitude or tone.


When choosing incidents to study, which ones should we choose?

We should choose incidents that tell us something new about a character or incidents that change the direction of the story.


How is paraphrasing different from summarizing?

When you paraphrase, you retell an entire text in your own words. When you write a summary, you only include the main idea and key details.


In what ways do authors normally respond to conflicting viewpoints?

By providing personal opinions and anecdotes or offering suggestions.


How do you determine what evidence is best?

By choosing the lines that best support our ideas. The lines must directly answer our question.


Why do we study incidents?

We study incidents because they propel the action forward; without incidents, there is no story.


What does it mean to develop a central idea over the course of a text?

It means to the central idea is presented and supported in the beginning and then again a number of times throughout the text.


Why is it important that authors acknowledge other viewpoints?

Because readers need to know that they've researched the other side before coming up with their own opinion.

Why is it important to study different articles on the same topic?

Because authors have different opinions on topics, they choose what information they share in their articles. When we read different articles, we can learn even more about a topic and make up our own opinions.

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