Heroes and Heroines

He was the first African American named chair of the Joint Chief of Staff of the United States military.

Who is (General) Colin Powell?


In 1954, this unanimous landmark Supreme Court decision overturned the "separate but equal" doctrine, that since 1896, had legitimized segregation in the schools and other public facilities.  

What was Brown vs. Board of Education (in Topeka, Kansas) ?


This famous agricultural chemist whose crop research at the Tuskegee Institute led to better and more productive farming in the South. He also discovered a multitude of products and uses for the soybean, peanut, and sweet potato.

Who was George Washington Carver ?


On June 19th, 1865 the Union soldiers, led by Major General Gordon Granger, landed in Galveston, Texas with news that the war had ended and that all slaves were now free. This date was two and a half years after President Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation. Texans now celebrate this holiday in commemoration of their independence

What is Juneteeth?


This basketball player holds the record of 100 points in a game.

Who was Wilt Chamberlin ?


Malcolm X was born in this city.

What is Omaha, Nebraska?


in 1967, Carl Stokes became the first African-American mayor of this major American city. 

What is Cleveland (Ohio) ?


He was a pioneer in the development of the electric light bulb and the only Black member of Thomas A. Edison's research team of noted scientists.

Who was Howard Latimer? 


This was the first group of persons to speak out against slavery.

Who were the Quakers?

The first African-American to win the Masters Golf championship. His record Masters victory in 2001 made him the first person to hold all four professional major golf championships at the same time.

Who is Tiger Woods?

The name of the slave ship on which the African leader Joseph Cinque' and his followers revolted against their captors and eventually won their freedom and returned to Africa/

What is the Amistad?


The 1896 court case in which the U.S. Supreme Court gave its approval to segregate public facilities, known as the infamous "Jim Crow" laws.

What was Plessy vs. Ferguson ?


Daniel Hale Williams was an outstanding physician and surgeon. In Chicago, 1893, he accomplished an important surgical procedure that had not been done before. He performed this operation.

What is heart surgery?


The year did Lincoln issue the Emancipation Proclamation

What was 1863 ?


This was Muhammad Ali's given name.

What is Cassius Clay?


The first African-American appointed as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1967 by President Johnson.

Who was Thurgood Marshall?


On February 1, 1960, African- American college students staged a sit-in at a "white's only" lunch counter in this southern city. The sit-in grew to over 70,000 participants in cities across the South. The sit-in thrust African-American youth to the front lines of the movement.  

Where is Nashville, TN?


This arctic explorer, for years lost in the shadows of Admiral Peary, was in actuality the first man to discover the North Pole. Favored by the Eskimos because of his dark complexion, this explorer proved indispensable on Peary's many expeditions. This explorer actually placed the flag on the North Pole.

Who was Matthew Henson?

The year were the first African slaves brought to America

What was 1619?


She won the Ladies World Figure Skating Championship in 1986,

Who was Debi Thomas?


This Harvard Ph.D. Initiated Negro History Week in 1966, which later evolved into Black History Month in 1976.

Who is Dr. Carter G. Woodson ?


P.B.S. Pinchback was born a slave in Mississippi but eventually made his home in another Southern state. Arkansas, During Reconstruction, he became a state senator, school board director of a major city's school system, senator, lieutenant governor, and in 1872, the first African-American governor of which state.  

What is Louisiana?


After a distinguished career as teacher, research chemist and business entrepreneur, the renowned Dr. Perch L. Julian became a millionaire in 1961 by merging Julian Laboratories with the huge chemical company known by this name.

What is the Smith, Kline and French Pharmaceutical Company?


This commodity created the initial demand for slaves in America. 

What is sugar?


In 1974, he broke Babe Ruth's lifetime homerun record,  

Who was Hank Aaron?