Figurative Language/Theme
Words in Context
Central Idea
Rhetorical Appeals
Logical Fallacies
Vocabulary and Grammar
Provide an example of a simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, and alliteration. 

Answers will vary. 


What is the denotation of the word "snake"?

answer choices

A treacherous and deceitful person.

A creature associated with wisdom and knowledge.

A symbol of love and affection.

A long, thin reptile with no legs

What is a reptile with no legs


The main difference between THEME and CENTRAL IDEA is.....

What is an underlying message is theme and central idea is what the text is literally mostly about

The rhetorical appeal emphasized here is...

What is Logos? 


Someone says "Only a selfish, non-caring person would believe that this is ok." This is an example of a(n_ __________



 Here is an example of this academic term. 

What is annotation? 


Determine two themes from the stanza:

Answers may vary. Must be in the form of a thematic statement, not just one or two words. 


The scuba diver carefully studied the inscription on the compass he found in the shipwreck, hoping the chiseled name of the passenger would hold the clue needed to unlock the mystery of how the ship got to the bottom of the ocean in the first place.

Determine the denotative meaning: 

A) To write a story about an adventure

B) A written request for medicine from a doctor

C) To write something with an ink pen

D) Carved writing in wood, metal, or stone

What is a carved writing in wood, metal, or stone?


Most people think that Johann Sebastian Bach played the piano, but this is not true. The piano was not invented until just two years before he died. Bach's main instrument was the organ. He was a great organist. He wrote a lot of wonderful music for that instrument. He also played other keyboard instruments that were ancestors of the piano. Among these instruments was the harpsichord. Along with Mozart, Bach is considered to be one of the all-time great composers

A) Mozart and Bach did not compose music for the piano.

B) Johann Sebastian Bach was a great organist and writer.

C)The piano had not been invented three hundred years ago.

D) The harpsichord was a keyboard instrument before the piano.

What is the main idea of this paragraph?

What is Johann Sebastian Bach was a great organist and writer?


The three rhetorical appeals are...

Ethos, pathos, logos


40 million people can't be wrong! Buy the new iPhone XIV today!

What is ad-populum?


This is the term for the underlying meaning of a text.

What is a theme? 

In a spell of dry weather, when the Birds could find very little to drink, a thirsty Crow found a pitcher with a little water in it. But the pitcher was high and had a narrow neck, and no matter how he tried, the Crow could not reach the water. The poor thing felt as if he would die of thirst. Then an idea came to him. Picking up some small pebbles, he dropped them into the pitcher one by one. With each pebble the water rose a little higher until at last it was near enough so he could drink.

What is the theme?

answer choices

Persistence can be helpful.
Honesty can be shared. 
always share with others. 
respect towards family is important.

What is be persistent? 


The meaning of the following prefixes: pre, inter, trans, un

what is before? among/between? across? and not?


Pretty women wonder where my secret lies.

I’m not cute or built to suit a fashion model’s size  

But when I start to tell them,

They think I’m telling lies.

I say,

It’s in the reach of my arms,

The span of my hips,  

The stride of my step,  

The curl of my lips.  

I’m a woman


Phenomenal woman,  

That’s me.

Determine the central idea. 

What is Maya Angelou discusses inner beauty and confidence and rejects beauty standards


"Our expertise in roofing contracting is evidenced not only by our 100 years in the business and our staff of qualified technicians, but in the decades of satisfied customers who have come to expect nothing but the best."

Which appeal is this an example of?



If you allow one student to take an online course, soon

everyone will want to, and the schools will be empty, is an example of this kind of fallacious reasoning. 

What is slippery slope? 


Justin's lunch had a negative ______________on his stomach. After all, twelve beefsteaks, a cheesecake, a pancake, and two pitted prunes are bound to ______________________ his system.

What is effect/affect? 

“It is far better to endure patiently a smart which nobody feels but yourself, than to commit a hasty action whose evil consequences will extend to all connected with you; and besides, the Bible bids us return good for evil.” (Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte) 

Determine the theme. 

What is one can overcome evil with good? What is good vs. evil? 


My grandpa has been suffering from chronic back pain for the last twenty years, and the doctors can't figure out why. 

Determine the denotative meaning of chronic. Then, use it is in a sentence properly with the same connotation. 

What is lasting for a long time? Answers may vary, should be presented in a medical connotation. 


Wilbur and Orville Wright were brothers who were inventors, even from a young age when they built kites and bicycles. Many people credit the Wright Brothers with designing and building the first successful airplane. In 1903, their first flight only lasted 12 seconds, but it continues to inspire people all over the world to learn about science and math, to work hard to realize their dreams, and to use imagination to achieve success. The main idea of this passage is: 

A) The Wright Brothers worked hard. 

B) The Wright Brothers were inventors who have inspired many people. 

C) Inventors build kites and bicycles. 

D) The first flight was in 1903 due to the Wright brothers.

What is the Wright Brothers were inventors who have inspired many people. 


Facts, research, surveys, statistics, charts or diagrams, definitions, and examples would support this rhetorical appeal:



"There are so many dishes all over the place! You never do your dishes!"

"What about you?! You never take out the trash!"

This is an example of ________________

What is a Red Herring fallacy?


This is the process by which one forms an opinion from evidence; to reach a conclusion based on known facts.  

What is to infer? 


“Stuff your eyes with wonder, he said, live as if you’d drop dead in ten seconds. See the world. It’s more fantastic than any dream made or paid for in factories.”

Determine the theme. Support with evidence.  

What is live life to the fullest? Answers may vary. 


No one suspected that Jerry was a spy. On the surface he behaved like any normal citizen. When his covert activity was discovered and announced to the world, we were all shocked. 

What does covert mean?  Identify context clues. 

What is hidden? 


In 1969, Apollo 11’s successful landing on the moon was seen on TV all around the world. At last, men had walked on the moon for the first time ever! Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin became famous American heroes. This mission was a great achievement for the U.S. space program, and led to six more Apollo flights in the years to come. The mission's success also led to further deep space explorations by the United States and other countries around the world.

answer choices, you must pick two details that best support.

Apollo 11’s landing was an important moment in history

Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin are heroes

People were surprised about Apollo 11's success

Millions watched the Apollo 11 moon landing

What is Apollo 11's landing was an important moment in history? 


The rhetorical appeal you should make sure to highlight using the digital tool. Easy to spot, because it is facts, research, charts, statistics, etc.

What is Logos? 


A type of fallacy of which the conclusion comes back to the premise without providing any outside proof, meaning both sides of the argument are making the same point. 

What is circular reasoning? Dr. Strange? 


When studying the secondary meaning or feeling associated with a word beyond the literal meaning, we are studying _____________

What is connotation?


Nature's first green is gold,
Her hardest hue to hold.
Her early leaf's a flower;
But only so an hour.
Then leaf subsides to leaf,
So Eden sank to grief,
So dawn goes down to day
Nothing gold can stay.

Determine the theme. Support with 2 pieces of text. 

What is innocence cannot last? 


No matter where you go, the Internet is following you. Every portable device is being made with an Internet connection. Most new TVs and other electronics come with Internet connections as well. The Internet is truly ubiquitous. 

If something is ubiquitous it is ______.

What is everywhere?


What is the central idea of the passage?

In training to be a knight, a person was expected to study hard and learn good manners. They were taught to play musical instruments, sing, and recite poetry. They also studied reading, writing, geometry, and strategy games. Another knight would then teach the person to shoot a bow and arrow, fight with a sword, and ride a horse. To say the least, knights had a well-rounded education.

answer choices. You must pick 2 details that best support.

Knights learned a variety of subjects while training

Knights were very talented individuals

Knights were very hard working

Sword fighting was the most important subject a knight learned

What is Knights learned a variety of subjects while training


The strongest appeal is _______ because....

What is logos, because it is concrete, factual, etc.


She was wearing cowboy boots in her last Instagram photo, so she must love country music.

What is Hasty Generalization?


The ___ is the ___. Stop pondering the ___ and focus on the present and your future.

What is past/past/past?