Multiplying
Dividing
Strategies and Operations
100

This is the amount of space inside a shape (think a rectangle)

What is area?

100

This strategy is used for smaller numbers in ÷ (division) and requires you to dish out pieces in groups.

What are equal groups?

100

This is the operation you use when you take 2 SMALL numbers and make them BIGGER.

What is multiplication?
200

This number has 1 and itself as a factor pair.

What is a prime number?
200

This strategy is used for x (multiplication) and ÷ (division) where items are lined up in rows and columns.

What is an array?

200

This is the operation when you take a LARGE number and make is SMALLER by splitting it into equal groups.

What is division?

300
This number has more than one factor pair.

What is a composite number?

300

This is the largest number in a division equation and is the one that gets divided.

What is the dividend?

300

This strategy is used for x (multiplication) using a rectangle to find the area.

What is the area model?

400

This is the name for the numbers that you multiply in a multiplication equation (hint: there are two of them).

What is a factor?

400

This is one of the smaller numbers in a division equation and does the dividing.

What is the divisor?

400

This strategy is used for ÷ (division) where you find the top length of a rectangle.

What is the area model?

500

This is the answer to a multiplication equation.

What is a product?

500

This is the answer to a division equation.

What is the quotient?

500

This strategy is used for x (multiplication) where you find parts of the final product, then you add them altogether.

What are partial products?

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