figurative language
nonfiction text structures
elements of a short story
Vocabulary
random

100

Giving a nonhuman human characteristics
What is personification?

100

The Middle Ages, The Renaissance, The Scientific Revolution, The American Revolution, The French Revolution, The Industrial Revolution, World War I, Interwar Years, World War II, Cold War, Vietnam War
What is Chronological (sequential) Order?

100

where and when an event takes place in a short story
What is setting

100

It is what the passage or paragraph is about.

What is the central idea? (main idea)

100

a struggle between a person or an outside force

What is external conflict

200

a direct comparison of two different things
What is metaphor

200

Medicine has a history spanning many thousands of years and specialized establishments for treating the sick have also existed for eons. Despite the fact that function of hospitals have not changed much during the last century, technological and scientific progress has made possible treatment approaches that could not have been implemented a hundred years ago and made a large contribution to health care. The main differences between hospitals today and a century ago are improved surgical techniques, the safer use of anesthesia, and safer childbirth procedures.


A. Problem/solution
B. Chronological Order
C. Cause and Effect
D. Compare and Contrast 

D. compare and contrast?

200

the most intense or exciting high point of a short story
What is climax

200

The reason why an author writes.

Author's Purpose

200

a sign or warning of whats going to happen next
What is foreshadowing

300

extreme exaggeration
What is hyperbole

300

The soft fur of the dog felt like silk against my skin and her black coloring glistened as it absorbed the sunlight, reflecting it back as a perfect, deep, dark mirror.
What is description?

300

the main events of a short story
What is plot

300

When you do not know the definition and you have to look around the word. What are those called?

What is context clues?

300

What are the parts of a paragraph?

Topic sentence, supporting details and conclusion sentence

400

the use of words that sound like what they mean, such as "hiss," "buzz," "slam," and "boom"
What is onomatopoeia

400

Headaches can have several causes.  Many people think that the major cause of headache is nervous tension, but there is strong evidence that suggests diet and environment as possible factors.  Some people get headaches because they are dependent on caffeine.  Other people may be allergic to salt, or they may have low blood sugar.  Still other people are allergic to household chemicals including polishes, waxes, bug killers, and paint.  If they can manage to avoid these substances, their headaches tend to go away.  When a person has recurring headaches, it is worthwhile to look for the underlying cause, especially if the result of that search is freedom from pain.


A. Problem/solution
B. Chronological Order
C. Cause and Effect

B. cause and effect?

400

the lesson or moral of a story
What is theme

400

The feeling the author wants the reader to get.

mood

400

Using prior knowledge and what you read to determine what is happening.
What is inference?

500

the repeated use of the same constant at the beginning of words
What is alliteration

500

Last week we installed a kitty door so that our cat could come and go as she pleases. Unfortunately, we ran into a problem. Our cat was afraid to use the kitty door. We tried pushing her through, and that caused her to be even more afraid. The kitty door was dark, and she couldn’t see what was on the other side. The first step we took in solving this problem was taping the kitty door open. After a couple of days, she was confidently coming and going through the open door. However, when we removed the tape and closed the door, once again, she would not go through. They say you catch more bees with honey, so we decided to use food as bait. We would sit next to the kitty door with a can of wet food and click the top of the can. When kitty came through the closed door, we would open the can and feed her. It took five days of doing this to make her unafraid of using the kitty door. Now we have just one last problem; our kitty controls our lives!


A. Problem/solution
B. Chronological Order
C. Cause and Effect

A.  problem/solution?

500

the perspective from which the story's told
What is point of view

500

The vocabulary an author uses to show how he or she feels about a topic.

tone

500

Name the parts of an argumentative essay.

1. Introduction
2. Body paragraphs
3. Counter claim
4. Conclusion