A Level Glossary
Behaviour Theory
Innate Theory
Cognitive Theory
Language Acquisition
100

The earliest for of the english language, brought to Britain by Anglo-Saxon settlers in the 5th century.

Old English

100

He observed behavoirs of mice in a box using a lever for food pellets, and later electrical currents

B.F. Skinner

100

Innate theory relies on the concept of _________ grammar.

universal

100

When the child can only think of the world in relation to themselves, they are _______.

egocentric

100

the simple style of speech used by those who look after infants is ______.

caretaker language

200

A word adopted from one language to another without translation. Example: "kindergarten" in the english language

Loanword

200

In his experiments, Pavlov explored how _____ respond to hearing the sound of a bell before being given food.

dogs

200

He criticized the behavoirist theory of language development and proposed the Innate theory

Noam Chomsky

200

The original cognitive theorist was _______.

Jean Piaget

200

The stage where children express themselves using short sentences using only key information is the _____.

Telegraphic stage

300

When air passes through the nose to make a sound. Example: /m/ and /n/

Nasal

300

Behavoirist theorists believed language acquisition happens through _________.

conditioning

300

Chomsky believed that our brains have a ____________, which allows children to develop language skills.

LAD (Language Acquisition Device)

300

What happens in the earliest cognitive stage, the Sensorimotor stage?

Children are absorbing the world through their senses.

300

When a child applies the word "daddy" to all men.

Overextension

400

The view that language should have a strict set of rules that must be obeyed in speech and writing

Prescriptivism

400

Praise or approval expressed towards a childs behavoir is considered ________.

reinforcement

400

Eric Lenneberg proposed a theory of a window of early to mid-childhood, when language learning is crucial. This is called the _______.

critical period

400

Explain the concept of "conservation".

the ability to see that a quantity will stay the same when it is put in different shaped containers.

400

When children apply regular grammatical endings to words with irregular forms Example: He runned to school

Virtuous Errors

500

Words for the categories into which hyponyms may be grouped.

Hypernyms

500

He is considered the father of behavoirism

John B. Watson

500

Lenneberg's ideas of the critical period were broadened a bit to a window of birth to puberty, considered the ______ period where a human is more skilled in acquiring language.

sensitive

500

Name the four stages of cognitive development

Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal Operational

500

The five main stages of language acquisition are...

Before Birth, Babbling, Holophrastic, Telegraphic, Post-Telegraphic

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