Bone Cytology Diseases and Conditons Bone Anatomy Terms Miscellaneous

100

What is osteocytes?
Mature bones cells found in lacunae.

100

What is osteoporosis?
The condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function

100

What is metaphysis?
Region where cartilage is replaced by bone

100

The region known as the metaphysis

100

calcified cartilage
the production of the calcification of cartilage

200

What are osteoclasts?
Giant multinucleated cells involved in the process of osteolysis

200

What is Colle's fracture?
its the most frequent fracture of the radius when ice skaters brace their fall.

200

What are flat bones?
Bones forming the roof of the skull and the scapula

200

What is ossification?
The process of replacing other tissues with bone.

200

What is bone marrow?
This substance resembling a network of bony struts separated by spaces, normally fills spongy or cancellous bone.

300

What are osteocytes?
The most abundant bone cell type

300

What is Rickets?
A disease that is result of vitamin D3 deficiency

300

What is a sesamoid bone?
Bones found near joints at knee,hands,and feet

300

What is spicules?
The small struts that grow outwards during intramembranous ossification.

300

What is the growth of the skeleton?
The major factor determining the size and proportion of the body.

400

What is intramembranous ossification?
The process of osteoblasts differentiating within embryonic connective tissue

400

What is a Potts Fracture?
Fracture that occurs at the ankle and affects both bones of the lower leg and is identified primarily by dislocation.

400

What is the epiphysis?
The expanded region of a long bone consisting of spongy bone.

400

What is a Havergian system?
The basic functional unit of compact bone that is also called the osteon.

400

What is compact bone?
Type of bone found where stresses arrive from a limited range of directions.

500

What are osteoclasts?
Bone cells that regulate calcium and phosphate concentration in body fluids

500

What is a comminuted fracture?
A fracture in which bone fragments into several pieces.

500

What is articular or hyaline cartilage?
The type of cartilage that covers the epiphysis.

500

What is endochondral ossification?
The process during which bones begin development as cartilage models and the cartilage is later replaced by bone.

500

What is epiphyseal plates?
Growth hormone from the pituitary gland and thyroxine from the thyroid gland maintain normal bone growth in this structure.

Anatomy and Physiology~Chapter 6(:

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