Light Reaction Calvin Cycle Alternative Pathways Glycolysis and Krebs Electron Transport

100

What is the thylakoid membrane?
Location of the light reaction.

100

What is the stroma?
Location from the Calvin cycle.

100

What is lactate/lactic acid?
Compound produced by muscle cells deprived of oxygen.

100

What is the cytosol?
Location of glycolysis.

100

What is an electron acceptor.
The role of oxygen in electron transport in the mitochondria

200

What are ATP and NADPH?
The useful products of linear electron flow in the light reactions.

200

What is CO2?
Removed from air, fixed into carbon chains and reduced to build carbohydrates.

200

What is ethanol fermentation?
Regenerates NAD+ and also produces beer and wine

200

What is acetyl CoA?
Carries 2-carbon units in biochemistry, for example into the Citric Acid Cycle

200

What is an electron donor?
The role of oxygen (in water) in electron transport in the chloroplast.

300

What is water?
Split by photosystem II to obtain electrons and release molecular oxygen.

300

What is RUBISCO. (ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate carboxylase/oxidase)
Probably the most abundant protein/enzyme in the world.

300

What are the bundle-sheath cells?
Cell that house RUBISCO and the Calvin cycle in C-4 plants.

300

What are ATP, NADH, Pyruvate.
Three end producs of glycolysis.

300

What is oxidative phosphorylation?
The process of using oxidation/reduction reactions to move protons to one side of the membrane, which drive the ATP synthase.

400

What is the light-harvesting complex?
This allows plants to use a wider range of photons to drive the light reaction.

400

What are ADP, Phosphate and NADP+.
The products of the Calvin cycle that are used in the light reaction.

400

What are CAM plants?
Plants that fix carbon dioxide into organic acids at night and close their stomata during the day.

400

What are nucleotide cofactors NADH/NAD+; NADPH/NADP+ or FADH2/FAD?
These carry electrons between electron transport and the central cycles of respiration and photosynthesis

400

What is ATP synthase?
A machine driven by a proton gradient that rotates like a "mill" to synthesize ATP from ADP and phosphate (Pi)

500

What is cyclic or circular electron flow?
Can drive the ATP synthase to produce ATP, but does not produce NADPH or O2.

500

What is G3P (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate).
Av3-carbon sugar-phosphate produced in the Calvin cycle that can be used to build other things.

500

What is photorespiration?
Process that occurs when oxygen builds up in leaves because of stomatal closure.

500

What is the ATP metabolism in glycolysis.
Two "invested," four produced for a net gain of 2

500

What are NADH and FADH2
They donate high-energy electrons to the electron transport system of the mitochondria.

AP Biology Photosynthesis/Respiration

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