Definitions
Structural organization
organ systems
Misc
Directional Terms
100

Studies the structure of the body. 

What is Anatomy?

100

Chemicals-> Organelles-> Cells-> *****> Organs-> Organ systems-> Organ system

What is the level of tissue

100

Forms the external body covering and protects deeper tissues from injury. 

What is Integumentary system? 

100

Gives the element it's distinct properties is the number of

Protons

100

Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body. 

What is Superior?

200

Studies the function of the body.

What is Physiology?

200

Atoms combine to form 

Molecules

200

Protects and supports body organs and provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement. 

What is Skeletal system?

200

CH4 is an ______ compound

Organic

200

Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body. 

What is Inferior?

300

Study of large structures that are easily visible to the naked eye. 

Subdivisions include regional, systematic, and surface anatomy. 

What is Gross (macroscopic) anatomy? 

300

Basic components of the microscopic cells. 

What is Organelles?

300

Allows manipulation of the environment, locomotion, and facial expressions. Maintains posture and produces heat.

What is Muscular system?

300

Blood pH of 7.5

Alkalosis

300

Toward or at the front of the body.

What is Anterior?

400

All the structures in a particular region of the body. 

What is Regional anatomy?

400

The smallest unit of living things. 

What is Cells?

400

As the fast-acting control system the body, it responds to internal/external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands. 

What is Nervous system?

400

Organic compund that fuels the brain

Glucose

400

Toward or at the back of the body.

What is Posterior? 

500

Body structure studied system by system. 

What is Systemic anatomy?

500

Groups of similar cells the have a common function. 

What is Tissue?

500

Glands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells. 

What is Endocrine system?

500

Loss of mass

Atrophy
500

Toward or at the midline of the body.

What is Medial?

600

A vertical plane that divides the body into the right and left parts.

Sagital
600

A discrete structure composed of at least two tissue types that performs a specific function for the body. 

What is Organ?

600

Blood vessels transport blood which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, etc. The heart pumps blood. 

What is Cardiovascular system?

600

Makes the ER look rough

Ribosomes

600

Away from the midline of the body.

What is Lateral?

700

Study of very small structures that can only be viewed with the microscope. 

Subdivisions include cytology and histology

What is Microscopic anatomy?

700

Organs that work together to accomplish a common purpose. 

What is Organ system?

700

Picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to the blood. 

What is Lymphatic system?
700

Tall narrow tissue cells

Columnar

700

Closer to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.

What is Proximal?

800

The study of tissue.

What is Histology?

800

The highest level of organization, the living human being. 

What is Organism?

800

Keep blood constantly supplied with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide. 

What is Respiratory system? 

800

Osteocytes are found in

Bone

800

Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk. 

What is Distal?

900

The study of cells. 

What is Cytology?

900

The power house of the cell

Mitochondria

900

Breaks down food enter absorbable units that enter the blood for distribution to body cells. 

What is Digestive system?

900

The chemical humans have the most need for

Oxygen

900

Toward or at the body surface.

What is Superficial?

1000

Traces structural changes that occur throughout the lifespan. 

Subdivisions include embryology. 

What is Developmental anatomy?

1000

A person who studies how nutrients are used during exercise

Exercise Physiologist

1000

Eliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body. 

What is Urinary system? 

1000

Diffusion of substances in solution moves them _____ the concentration gradient

Down

1000

Away from the body surface; more internal. 

What is Deep?

1100

Stand in normal anatomical position

Feet shoulder width apart, palms forward

1100

Sum of all chemical reactions in an organism

Metabolism

1100

Production of offspring. 

What is Reproductive system?

1100

Uses a positive feedback loop

Childbirth

1100

A plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts and lies vertically.

Frontal

1200

______ bonds are stronger than ionic bonds

Covalent

1200

Energy-rich molecules that power cellular activities.

ATP

1200

Breakdown and absorption of nutrients.

Digestion

1200

Cells, ground substance and protein fibers make

Connective Tissue

1200

A plane that runs horizontally from left to right, dividing the body into superior and inferior parts.

Transverse

Click to zoom
M
e
n
u