Thinking Geographically
Population and Migration
Agriculture
Development and Industry
Urbanization and Services

100

What is space-time compression?
Distances for travel and communication are getting smaller because of increased technology. This results in a more globalized world.

100

Name two of four regions with the most clustered population?
Europe, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia

100

Name two of the hearths of agriculture.
East Asia, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southwest Africa (fertile crescent, Mesopotamia), and Latin America

100

What relationship the core and periphery measure on a global scale?
More developed countries from less developed countries. North-south divide.

100

Name one megalopolis in the U.S.
Boswash, SoCal, NoCal, Piedmont

200

Which two arcs do we use to measure the world in degrees?
Longitude and Latitude

200

What is physiological density?
the number of people divided by total land suited for agriculture (arable land).

200

What type of agriculture is mainly practiced in LDC's?
Subsistence agriculture

200

What is the model of International Trade of development called?
Rostow Model

200

What does rank-size rule predict?
The size of cities in a country, state, or region. Each new city will be 1/nth the size of the original city.

300

What are the three types of expansion diffusion? Define each type.
Contagious diffusion - ideas spread through person to person communication Hierarchical - ideas spread through the force of a power Stimulus - part of something diffuses, but not the whole enchilada.

300

What's the difference between interregional and intraregional migration? Give an example of each from the United States.
Interregional - from one region to another. People moving from the mid-west and north-east to the south. Intraregional - within a region. People moving from rural Oregon into Portland.

300

How was Malthus' theory contradicted?
people's agricultural practices will adapt to a growing population

300

What is HDI? What are two factors that determine it?
Human Development Index. Measures level of development by looking at GDP, literacy rate, years of schooling, and life expectancy.

300

What does rank-size rule predict?
The size of cities in a country, state, or region. Each new city will be 1/nth the size of the original city.

400

What is the difference between situation and site?
Site - physical characteristics of a location Situation - the location of something based on its location compared to other places

400

For stage 4 of the demographic transition, identify a country in that stage and give characteristics of the country that relates to the stage.
(U.S., most European nations, Japan)...Service economy, low birth rates and death rates, high life expectancy, high GDP and per capita income

400

This model which organizes which crops are grown based on cost of land and transportation to market
Von Thunen Model

400

Define "maquiladora." Why do they exist?
Factories built across the border in Mexico so that companies can have lower labor costs.

400

Which urban model most closely resembles Latin American cities?
The Hoyt Sector Model.

500

Define functional, formal, and vernacular regions. Give an example of each.
Functional: an area organized around a node or focal point (Hinterlands, TV Markets) Formal: an area in which everyone shares one or more characteristics (County, State) Vernacular: An area people "believe" exists as part of their cultural identity (Southeast)

500

What caused LDCs to go into stage 2 of the demographic transition?
Decreased CDR and advanced medical care.

500

Why are GMOs so popular in MDCs? Why do LDCs resist them?
MDCs- increase production, increase agribusiness LDCs - loss of right to grow own food, harm to environment and traditional farming practices

500

Industries base their location on what two factors?
Cost of transporting raw materials and cost of transporting a finished product.

500

In which urban model would people be least likely to use the CBD? Why?
Multiple Nuclei Model