Religion
Government
Accomplishments
Expansion and Downfall
?

100

Religion was one of the major aspects of which of the three civilizations?
Religion was at the center of the Aztec, Mayan and Inca civilizations.

100

In which civilization did all citizens have to work for the government?
The civilization where all citizens had to work for the government was the Incas.

100

Which civilization had the most complex writing system?
The Mayans had the most complex writing system, it was a writing system with over 800 characters.

100

The arrival of which European country led to the downfall of the Aztecs and the Incas?
The arrival of the Spaniards led to the downfall of the Aztec and Inca civilizations.

100

Which civilization ensured that all of its children attended school?
The Aztec civilization educated its children in Aztec history and their future occupations in the empire.

200

Compared to the Mayans, which civilization had less gods?
The Incas had less gods.

200

Why was Lord Pascal an interesting figure of the Mayan empire?
Lord Pascal became the ruler at the age of 12.

200

What did the writing system of the Aztecs consist of?
The writing system consisted of a series of symbols that stood for words.

200

Which two civilizations expanded their empires by conquering other nations?
The Aztecs and the Mayans expanded their empires by conquering other nations.

200

What shape best describes the social structure of all three civilizations? Who was at the bottom of this social structure?
The social structure is shaped like a pyramid, in each civilization the commoners/slaves were at the bottom of the pyramid.

300

What is Polytheism?
Polytheism is a belief in more than one god.

300

Why did leaders claim they were related to the gods?
It gave them power.

300

What was the major accomplishment of the Incas?
The major accomplishment of the Incas was that they built over 14,000 miles of roads to connect their empire.

300

What happened to the Mayan empire?
The Mayan empire disappeared mysteriously. The theories include: warfare, drought, overpopulation, overused land.

300

Which civilization did not have currency and how did they acquire goods?
The Inca civilization did not have currency. In order to acquire goods they would trade items they had for items they needed.

400

Why did these civilizations sacrifice captives?
The sacrifices were necessary to make the gods happy.

400

What was the leader of the Incan empire called?
The leader of the Incan empire was the Sapa Inca.

400

Which civilization did not have a writing system and how does that impact what we know them?
The Inca civilization did not have a writing systems. We do not know as much about the Incas because we cannot read any writings from the time period.

400

What are the two "G's" brought by the Spaniards that led to the downfall of the Native American civilizations because they had not been exposed to them before?
The Spaniards brought "Guns" and "Germs" to South America. The Native Americans had no exposure to either previous to the arrival of the Spaniards.

400

Which arrival theory is 100% correct and why?
Neither arrival theory is 100% correct, there is not enough proof for either theory.

500

What happened to the winner and the loser of the Mayan Ballgame?
The winners were treated as heroes. The losers were sacrifices on the ball court.

500

What did conquered nations have to give the Aztec empire?
The conquered nations had to give the Aztec empire a tribute (gold, cotton, maize).

500

Who invented the most advanced calendar until present day?
The Aztecs created the most advanced calendar until present day, it had 365 days.

500

Why did the Incan empire chose to acquire other nations peacefully instead of through warfare?
They chose to acquire other nations peacefully because it created a more harmonious relationship with the new citizens. This kept them from later on rising up against the Incas.

500

What were pyramid used for in each of these empires?
Pyramids were used for religious rituals.