Energy Types Energy Transformation Electromagnetic Light Sound

### 100

What is false?
True or False? Potential energy is energy of motion?

### 100

What is created, destroyed, and same?
Energy cannot be ____________ or __________ so it always stays the _________ in a closed system.

### 100

What is the hair and the balloon are oppositely charged so they attract each other?
If I rub a balloon in my hair, it sticks or attracts because ___________.

### 100

What is reflect?
We see objects because the light hits the object and _____ into our eyes.

### 100

What is mechanical and medium?
A sound wave is a __________ wave and requires a _____.

### 200

What is the bottom of the first and largest hill?
Kinetic energy is greatest on a roller coaster at the ____.

### 200

What is Mechanical to electrical to radiant?
If you ride a bicycle to power a light bulb, the energy transformations that take place are _____ to _____ to ____.

### 200

What is a series circuit and a parallel circuit?
A _________ circuit is in a single loop and a __________ circuit has different branches to connect each load individually.

### 200

What is opaque?
A brick wall is _________ because you can't see through it.

### 200

What is amplitude or wave height.
You can tell a sound is louder if it has a greater __________ or __________.

### 300

What is the top of the first and largest hill?
Potential energy is the greatest on a roller coaster at the ________.

### 300

What is it occurs in a liquid or gas AND usually there are arrows that form a circle to show the rise and fall of the heated particles?
You can tell heat is being transferred by convection because _______.

### 300

What is not work because it is an insulator?
If you use a rubber eraser to complete a circuit then it will __________ because it is an _____________.

### 300

What is increase and decrease?
In the Electromagnetic Spectrum, each type of wave has a different wavelength and frequency. They affect each other because when one ___________ the other will ______________.

### 300

What is number or how many?
You can tell a wave has a higher frequency by looking at the _________.

### 400

What is conduction, convection, and radiation?
_________, ___________, and __________ are the three types of heat/thermal energy transfer.

### 400

What is heat or thermal energy?
When energy changes form, a little bit always becomes ________ energy.

### 400

What is a power source?
The difference between a regular magnet and an electromagnet is a ____________.

### 400

What is refracts?
When light bends in a new medium, like a prism making a rainbow it __________.

### 400

What is higher?
Because of the Doppler Effect, when a siren comes toward you it has a ________ pitch and frequency.

### 500

What is mechanical energy?
Potential energy + Kinetic energy = ________________.

### 500

What is the chemical energy in the reactants?
When a chemical reaction takes place and heat or fire is produced, the heat comes from _______.

### 500

What is each load can be turned on and off separately so that when one goes off the others stay on?
The greatest advantage of a parallel circuit is __________.

### 500

What is close up and concave?
A nearsighted person can't see __________ and needs a ________ lens to correct their vision.

### 500

What is lower?
Because of the Doppler Effect, a siren has a ________ frequency and pitch as it moves away from you.

# Benchmark 3 Review

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