Digestive System
Circulatory System
Respiratory System
Biological Mashup
Disorders

100

The digestive enzyme that acts in the mouth
What is Salivary Amylase

100

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart
What are arteries and arterioles

100

Inhalation is started by the contraction of this muscle.
What is the diaphragm

100

The normal volume of air you inhale or exhale
What is tidal volume

100

In type 1 diabetes, a person cannot produce this hormone
What is insulin

200

The term given to food after it is chewed and mixed with saliva in the mouth
What is the bolus

200

Blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart
What are veins and venules.

200

Controlling the passage of air through this structure gives us the ability to speak.
What is the larynx

200

These 2 hormones, produced by the pancreas, help to control blood sugar levels
What insulin and glucagon

200

This is one method that leukocytes can help protect your body from foreign invaders
What is - phagocytosis - histamine production - antibody production

300

This is the term given to the involuntary muscle contraction that moves food down the esophagus.
What is peristalsis?

300

Exchange of nutrients, gases and wastes in the capillary beds occurs because of differences in this...
What is blood pressure?

300

This name is given to the tube, surrounded by cartilage rings, that leads air to the bronchi.
What is the trachea.

300

This ventricle has thicker walls because it pumps blood to the furthest regions of the body
What is the left ventricle

300

This is how vitamins can be produced in the large intestine
What is bacterial digestion of fibrous fecal matter.

400

These are the two organs that work together to maintain constant blood sugar levels
What are the liver and pancreas?

400

This structure separates ventricles from arteries in the heart.
What are semi-lunar valves?

400

These two features of the bronchi work together to trap air particles and remove them from the respiratory tract.
What are cilia and mucous

400

This structure improves the surface area for absorption in the small intestine
What is a villus

400

The largest and thickest artery in the body.
What is the aorta

500

In the villi of small intestine, the lacteals absorb this molecule.
What are fats?

500

These are the scientific names given to the three blood cell types.
What are erythrocytes, leukocytes and thrombocytes

500

This is a structural feature of the alveoli along with the reason this structure improves gas exchange in the alveoli
What is - clusters: surface area - thin walls: faster diffusion -capillaries: more blood supply - moist walls: faster diffusion -stretch receptors: prevent bursting - lined with surfactant: prevent collapse

500

These 2 blood vessels drain the body of blood and deliver it back to the heart where it enters the right atrium.
What are the superior and inferior vena cava

500

These 4 factors can affect the volume of a persons vital capacity
What is - age - gender - body mass - fitness level