vocabulary
lobes
diencephalon and brain stem
spinal cord
protecting the brain
100

astro-

star

100

name 2 of the processes the frontal lobe preforms 

-voluntary movement

-reasoning and decision making

-ability to predict consequences

-memory

-planning

-verbal communication

100

what are the 3 parts of the brain stem 

-midbrain

-pons

-medulla oblongata 

100

what does the spinal cord extend from

the spinal cord extends from the medulla oblongata to the lumbar vertebrae 

100

what is dura matter 

thick tough layer

200

auto-

self

200

name the process the occipital lobe preforms 

-visual processing

200

what is the corpus callosum

- a bundle of nerves that connects the left and right hemispheres of the brain

200

The dorsal horn receives impulses from the _____ nerves, then passes through the ______________ to the ________ nerves

-efferent

-ventral

-spinal

200

what is the arachnoid membranes

thin cobweb-like layer

300

opt-

vision
300

name 2 of the processes the temporal lobe preforms

-memory

-comprehension and pronunciation of words

-the sensation of smell and sound

-emotional association of memories

300

what is the thalamus 

-relays sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex for processing 

300

the dorsal and ventral root contain ______ fibers and joins together to from 2-directional __________

-nerve fibers

-spinal nerves

300

what is the pia matter

thin layer containing lots of blood vessels 

400

cereb-/enceph-

brain

400

name 2 processes the parietal lobe preforms

-sensation

-visual-spacing processing

-body position

400

what does the hypothalamus and pituitary gland do?

- hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland

-pituitary gland "master gland" regulates body temp, hunger, thirst, etc...

400

reflexes can be _______ or _________

-somatic

-autonomic

400

between the arachnoid layer and pia matter, there is _________

cerebrospinal fluid

500

gli-

glue

500

name the 2 processes performed by the brain stem  

-controls involuntary activities

-located just above the spinal cord

500

what are the 2 processes of the spinal cord

-relays impulses from PNS to the brain

-Reflexes are caused by an impulse traveling to spinal cortex and back without going to the brain

500

the cross-section of the spinal cord has a butterfly of _________ and _________?

gray matter and white matter 

500

what do the meninges do?

protects the brain and spinal cord 

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