First Aid Knowledge
Name that illness
Treatment
Signs & Symptoms
CPR & Choking
100

What are the 3 P's of First Aid?

Pro_____

Pre______

Pre_____

Promote, Preserve, Prevent

100

A victim is having issues moving their left side of their body. They are talking funny, losing consciousness, and seeing double. What is this victim suffering from?

Stroke

100

What is the treatment for a cut or wound?

- clean area

- apply gauze & dressing

- Pressure 

- EMS if needed 

100

Signs & symptoms for a victim in shock?

- fear

- fast, shallow breathing

- nausea / vomiting 

- confusion/ disorientation 

100

What does CPR stand for?

Cardiopulmonary Resection 

200

What is the act called that protects you as a first aider 

The good samaritan act 

200

You are at a restaurant and somebody at the table beside you starts coughing loudly, wheezing, and holding their throat. What is happening to this victim?

Mildly choking 

200

What is the treatment for a victim who was found at the bottom of the pool and is not breathing?

CPR starting with breaths 

200

TRUE or FALSE- victims who suffer heart attacks have one right after they start to feel symptoms?

FALSE

200

What are the 3 different ways you can give breaths to a victim?

- Mouth 2 Mouth

- Mouth 2 Nose

- Mouth 2 Stoma

300

What is the acronym you can use for treatment with any situation? 

WARTS

300

A victim is complaining about chest and shoulder pains, they are having trouble breathing, they are sweating, but have medication and claim they do not need EMS as this happens all the time. What is this illness? 

Angina 

300

How do you treat a victim who is throwing up?

- Turn them on their side

- let them finish

- clean area

- check breathing 

300

Signs & Symptoms for a TIA

- same as stroke

- victim gets better within 20 minutes 

300

TRUE OR FALSE: The treatment for severe choking is the same for adult/child/infant? 

What is the treatment? 

Ture 

Abdominal thrust & back blows

400

What do a primary & secondary assessment determine? 

Primary- determining any life threatening situations

Secondary- seeing if there are other injuries 

400

A victim was complaining about feeling light headed and has passed out for 30 seconds. What happened to our victim?

They fainted 

400

What is the treatment for an unconscious victim?

- check ABC + LOC

- Call EMS 

-if victim is breathing start secondary assessment & wait for EMS

- if victim is NOT breathing start CPR

400

TURE OR FALSE: Signs & symptoms for asthma are...

- difficultly breathing 

- wheezing 

- feel as if they cannot catch their breath 

FALSE

400

If you are dealing with a mild choking victim and already introduced and asked if they want help, do you need to ask if they want help again if they go severe? 

No, you may being helping as you already asked before 

500

If my victim is complaining about a headache why can I NOT give them an Advil to feel better? 

- Don't know how the victim will react 

- Don't know how much they should take

- Don't know if they have allergies


500

This situation causes the victim to reduces the level of carbon dioxide in the blood, which can depress the brain’s breathing center, and eventually lead the victim to go unconscious. What situation is this?

Hyperventilation 

500

What is the treatment for a chest injury? 

  • Call EMS

  • Make victim comfortable

  • Protect / support injured area

  • Monitor any changes, be prepared to do CPR

  • Do not give any food or liquids

500

Give signs & symptoms for 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree burns 

1st- red, pain, swelling 

2nd- blisters 

3rd- black, grey, sees tissues & organs 

500

If you are completely alone with no bystander or cell phone when do you call EMS for a child/infant?

After 2 minutes (5 cycles) of CPR 

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