General First Aid
Animal Bites/Stings/more wounds
Wounds & Burns
Weather Related First Aid


Name at least 4 things you should have in your personal first aid kit.

Bandaids, sterile gauze pads, adhesive tape, moleskin, soap, antiseptic, scissors, latex gloves, mouth-barrier device, eye protection, pencil & paper.


What is a concussion and 3 symptoms?

disruption of normal brain function caused by a hit, bump, or jolt to the head

Symptoms may include: 

  • Difficulty thinking clearly or concentrating 
  • Difficulty remembering new information 
  • Having a slower thought process 
  • Headache and/or blurry vision 
  • Nausea and dizziness 
  • Sensitivity to noise or light 
  • Balance problems 
  • Feeling fatigued or having no energy 
  • Being irritable or sad 
  • Being nervous and/or anxious 
  • Being more emotional than usual 
  • Sleeping more or less than usual 
  • Having trouble falling asleep 


True or False: when someone is stung by a bee or wasp, you should squeeze the wound to get the stinger out.

False. Squeezing will force more venom into the skin from the sac attached to the stinger. Use the edge of a knife blade to scrape away the stinger.


What is a closed fracture?

A broken bone that does not cut through the skin.


What is dehydration?

Dehydration happens when your body doesn't have as much water as it needs. Without enough, your body can't function properly. You can have mild, moderate, or severe dehydration depending on how much fluid is missing from your body.


Before you provide aid take the following 3 steps

  • Check the scene and make sure it is safe for you to help.
  • Immediately call or send someone to alert professional help.
  • If the scene is safe and professional help is on its way, help those in need of assistance.


What do you do if you find someone unconscious?

Get help

Check if they breathing



How do you remove a tick?

Grasp the tick with tweezers close to the skin. Gently pull until it comes loose. Wash the wound carefully with soap and water, and apply antiseptic.


What is a compound fracture?

A broken bone piercing the skin (fracture plus open wound).


What are heat cramps?

Heat cramps are painful, involuntary muscle spasms that usually occur during heavy exercise in hot environments. 

Fluid and electrolyte loss often contribute to heat cramps.


What are Life-threatening emergencies

  • Stopped breathing
  • No heartbeat—perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
  • Severe bleeding
  • Choking
  • Poisoning through eating or breathing
  • Shock
  • Anaphylactic shock


What should you do when someone is choking?

Signs of choking-

  • Inability to talk
  • Difficulty breathing or noisy breathing
  • Squeaky sounds when trying to breathe
  • Cough, which may either be weak or forceful
  • Skin, lips and nails turning blue or dusky
  • Skin that is flushed, then turns pale or bluish in color
  • Loss of consciousness

Back blows

Abdominal thrusts


What first aid do you apply for NON-POISONOUS snake bites?

Scrup with soap and water. Apply antiseptic. Non-venomous snakes bites only cause minor puncture wounds.


When is a burn an emergency?

  • re deep
  • Cause the skin to be dry and leathery
  • May appear charred or have patches of white, brown or black
  • Are larger than 3 inches (about 8 centimeters) in diameter or cover the hands, feet, face, groin, buttocks or a major joint


What is heat exhaustion and what are 2 symptoms?

Heat exhaustion is heat related illness.  More severe than dehydration.  can begin suddenly or over time, usually after working or playing in the heat, perspiring heavily, or being dehydrated. 

  • Cool, moist skin with goose bumps when in the heat
  • Heavy sweating
  • Faintness
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Weak, rapid pulse
  • Low blood pressure upon standing
  • Muscle cramps
  • Nausea
  • Headache


Should you ever move an accident victim with serious injuries before help arrives?

Yes, if the victim is in immediate danger: for example, out of a river or in the path of a fire.


When do you know that a concussion is an EMERGENCY?

  • Persistent headache 
  • Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination 
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea 
  • Slurred speech
  • Looking drowsy or not being able to wake up 
  • Having one pupil larger than the other 
  • Having convulsions or seizures 
  • Not recognizing people or places 
  • Confusion or agitation 
  • Unusual behavior 
  • Losing consciousness 


How do you treat hyperventilation?

1. Talk quietly to victim and encourage him to calm down and breathe slowly. 2. If necessary, having the victim breathe into a paper bag to help restore carbon dioxide to the body.


What are first aid steps for broken bones?

  • Stop any bleeding. Apply pressure to the wound with a sterile bandage, a clean cloth or a clean piece of clothing.
  • Immobilize the injured area. Don't try to realign the bone or push a bone that's sticking out back in. If you've been trained in how to splint and professional help isn't readily available, apply a splint to the area above and below the fracture sites. Padding the splints can help reduce discomfort.
  • Apply ice packs to limit swelling and help relieve pain.Don't apply ice directly to the skin. Wrap the ice in a towel, piece of cloth or some other material.
  • Treat for shock. If the person feels faint or is breathing in short, rapid breaths, lay the person down with the head slightly lower than the trunk and, if possible, elevate the legs.


What is Heatstroke? How to treat it?

Heatstroke occurs when your body temperature rises rapidly and you're unable to cool down. It can be life-threatening by causing damage to your brain and other vital organs. It may be caused by strenuous activity in the heat or by being in a hot place for too long.

1. Move victim to cool, shady spot. 2. Cool any way you can: remove outher clothing & sponge w/cool water; cover w/wet towels; place in cool water; fan; etc. 3. Keep victim lying down w/head & shoulders slightly raised. 4. Monitor victim closely. 5. Get emergency help right away.


What are situations that you need more advanced professional help?


What do you do if someone has an eye injury/something in their eye?

Wash hands


Have them look up and irrigate with saline solution

Worst case use clean warm water


What do you do if you have a blister?

Keep it in tact- dont pop it

Cover it



How do you treat a bleeding wound?

  1. Remove any clothing or debris on the wound.
  2. Stop the bleeding. 

  3. Help the injured person lie down.

  4. Don't remove the gauze or bandage.
  5. Immobilize the injured body part as much as possible.Leave the bandages in place and get the injured person to an emergency room as soon as possible.


How do you prevent heat illness?

Drink lots of fluids

If you feel hot, rest in cool environment

Wear the right type of clothing