Criminal Law
Civil Law
Indigenous Law
Criminal Process
Civil Process

100

When someone commits a crime, what happens to them?

They are arrested or summoned to court

100

what is anything that isn't criminal law called?

civil law

100

what is aboriginal law?

aboriginal law is a form of justice that focuses on First Nations such as social harmony, dispute resolution, peace making, and healing.

100

what are the first and second things to happen?

1. the arrest or summons 

2. indicament or information 

100

what is the first and second thing to happen?

1. writ- document filed by plaintiff that starts court/legal action

2. statement of claim- document that states the nature of there dispute


200

What are the action and intent called?

actus reus- action

mens rea- intent

200

what are the names of the people involved? 

plaintiff- suing 

defendant- being sued

200

how is sentencing of offenders dealt with in the aboriginal justice system? 

restorative justice 

200

what are the third and forth things to happen?

3. first appearance - bail hearing

4. plea

200

what is the third thing to happen?

3.statement of defence- defendant files a statement of defence then case moves onto trial

300

true or false: the judge can be a little doubtful about their decision as long as they are 90% sure.

false.

there cannot be even a shadow of a doubt

300

what are some things the courts might hear?

contract disputes, divorces, custody disputes, personal injury, contested wills and estates

300

what is restorative justice?

it is when the offender admits to having committed the crime and accepts responsibility for it and they try to be involved in making the community a better place.

300

what is the fifth thing to happen?

5. Preliminary inquiry

this is when the crown must prove that the defendant is guilty for the case to move on to trial.

300

what is the fourth thing to happen?

4. discovery- this is when the plaintiff and defendant exchange documents and where one can question the other under oath

400

who requests a jury for a serious offence?

the accused 

400

is there is a jury, how many have to agree and how long do they have to deliberate for?

6 out of 8 of them must agree

they have to talk for a minimum of 3 hours 

 

400

what is a healing circle?

a healing circle is when people close to the victim gather in a circle and share what happened by their perspective so the guilty can heal. 

400

what is the sixth thing to happen?

6. trial

400

what is the fifth thing to happen?

5. trial 

each side presents their case

500

what are 2 sentence options?

1. a fine

2. probation

3. prison

4. suspended sentence 

500

which courts hears with cases?

Supreme Court hears anything involving over $25,000 and divorces disputes

provincial court hears anything involving less than $25,000 and family and child protection cases

500

what do you think about this only bring available to indigenous people?

answers may vary

500

what is the last thing to happen? 

if found guilty then the last thing is 

7. judgement or sentencing 

500

what is the sixth thing to happen?

6. judgement