Cardiac
More cardiac
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Cardiac again
Cardiac finale
100

Hyperlipidemia, hypertension, excess weight, physical inactivity, smoking, stress, family history, diabetes

What are risk factors for cardiovascular disease?

100
The inability of the heart to work effectively as a pump.
What is heart failure?
100

sytolic blood pressure greater than or equal 140 mm HG and/ or diastolic greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg

What is hypertension?

100
chest pain or discomfort that occurs at rest or with exertion
What is angina?
100
B/P is 190/ 132
What is a hypertensive emergency?
200
age, gender, ethnicity, family history
What are nonmodifiable risk factors for CVD?
200
75% of cases are caused by this condition.
What is hypertension?
200
age > 60, family history, overweight, inactive, high intake of salt, smoking, stress
What are risk factors for hypertension?
200
Myocardial tissue is abruptly and severely deprived of oxygen and blood flow is acutely reduced by 80-90% leading to ischemia.
What is a myocardial infaction?
200
headache, confusion, blurred vision, restlessness, motor/sensory deficits
What are signs & symptoms of a hypertensive emergency?
300
cigarette use, physical inactivity, obesity, stress
What are modifiable risk factors?
300
Best tool is diagnosing heart failure, cardiac valvular changes, chamber enlargement, ventricular hypertrophy, and ejection factor.
What is echocardiography?
300
DASH
What is dietary approach to stop hypertension?
300
drug taken to relieve episodic anginal pain
What is nitroglycerin?
300
take every five minutes x three times until cardiac pain is resolved, if still unresolved after 3 times, then go to hospital.
What is prescribed tx for nitroglycerin
400
chest pain or discomfort, dyspnea, palpitations, syncope, extreme pain
What are major symptoms of CVD?
400
Crackles in the lung bases, dyspnea at rest, disorientation or confusion
What are early signs & symptoms of pulmonary edema?
400
Disorder that alters the natural flow of blood through the peripheral arteries and veins, especially the lower extremities
What is peripheral vascular disease?
400
used to increase oxygen supply and decrease myocardial oxygen demand
What is oxygen and morphine sulfate?
400
treatment for STEMI that must be administered within three hours
What is administration of tpA?
500
Most definitive test in the diagnosis of heart disease
What is cardiac catherization?
500
formation of plaque within the arterial wall and the leading cause of cardiovasular disease
What is atheroslerosis?
500
able to walk only a certain distance before a cramping, burning muscle discomfort or pain force them to stop
What is intermittent claudification?
500
Cholesterol < 200 LDL < 100 HDL> 60
What are desired values for lipid profile?
500
leading cause of death for women
What is CVD (cardio-vascular disease)?
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