Lesson 1/2
Cell Components
Cell Components
Cell Components
Cell Components

100

a living thing; anything that can carry out life processes independently

organism

100

one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function

Organelles

100

make proteins inside the cytoplasm

ribosomes

100

What are multicellular organisms called?

Eukaryotes

100

is a membrane bound structure and contains materials and waste. It also maintains adequate pressure inside the plant cell. 

vacuole

200

in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells are covered by a membrane and contain DNA and cytoplasm

Cell

200

in a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell’s DNA and that has a role in processes such as growth, metabolism, and reproduction

Nucleus

200

what surrounds and supports organelles inside the cell wall?

cytoplasm

200

The _____________ is located near the nucleus and contains ribosomes on its surface. it is involved in making and processing proteins.

Rough ER

300

an organism that consists of a single cell

Unicellular organism

300

a phospholipid layer that covers a cell’s surface and acts as a barrier between the inside of a cell and the cell’s environment

Cell membrane

300

What would you call the information that directs cell activities in all of its functions?

genetic material  - DNA

300

The _____________ does not contain ribosomes. It makes fat-based molecules called lipids that are used to make membranes. 

Smooth ER

400

an organism that consists of more than one cell

Multicellular organism

400

in eukaryotic cells, the organelle that is the site of cellular respiration, which releases energy for use by the cell

Mitochondria

400

What are the projections that move the prokaryote cells through its environment?

flagellum

400

The ________________ takes proteins from the ER and moves them to different parts of the cell. 

Golgi Apparatus

500

a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell

Cell wall

500

an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs

Chloroplasts

500

What are single celled organisms called?

Prokaryotes

500

These structures contain powerful chemicals known as enzymes that break down food. 

Lysosome