Functions Cell Structures (pictures) Structures & Functions Nucleus and the Stuff Around It BONUS: Plant Cells

100

What is the flagellum?
It's mainly used for locomotion. Is longer than cilia andn moves in a snake like pattern.

100

What is the mitochondrion (mitochondria)?
IT'S THE JELLYBEAN!!!

100

What is the cytoplasm?
It is comprised of cytosol (gel-like substance) and the organelles "float" in it.

100

What is the Nucleus?
It controls many of the functions of the cell and contains DNA.

100

What is the mitochondria?
Found in BOTH plant and animal cells, responsible for producing the energy currency of the cell, ATP, through respiration, and to regulate cellular metabolism AKA THE POWERHOUSE OF THE CELL

200

What is the Ribosome?
It makes proteins which are needed for many cell functions such as repairing damage or directing chemical processes. They can be bound to an organelle or roam freely.

200

What is the Golgi Apparatus?
Which organelle has this structure?

200

What is plasma membrane?
It is a selectively permeable to ions and organic molecules and controls the movement of substances in and out of cells.

200

What is the Nuclear Envelope?
It surrounds the nucleus with a double membrane with multiple pores- the pores regulate the passage of macromolecules like proteins and RNA

200

What are ribosomes?
Which organelle found in BOTH plant and animal cells has this structure?

300

What is the Golgi Apparatus?
It is responsible for modifying, sorting and packaging of proteins for secretion.

300

What is the flagella (flagellum)?
Which organelle has this structure?

300

What are lysosomes?
It contains digestive enzymes that digest excess or worn out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria. (Removes waste)

300

What is the Nucleolus?
It is located inside the nucleus; it makes ribosomal sub units from proteins and ribosomal RNA (rRNA).

300

What is the chloroplast?
It converts light energy from the sun to make sugar that can be used by cells.

400

What are Microfilaments?
They are the thinnest filaments of the cytoskeleton and are found in the cytoplasm; it is flexible but still strong, resisting crushing and buckling while providing support to the cell. They function in cellular movement.

400

What are microtubules?
Which organelle has this structure?

400

What is the centriole?
Made up of microtubules that are compression resistant and come in pairs. It helps with cell division, helps in the formation of the spindle fibers that separate the chromosomes during cell division.

400

What is the Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum?
It is responsible for making cellular products like hormones and lipids.

400

What is the central vacuole?
Largest compartment of a plant cell that contains cell sap. It plays a role in the growth of a plant cell.

500

What are Microtubules?
They are part of the cytoskelton and are made from tubulin. They are the routes upon which organelles move through the cell.

500

What are microfilaments?
Which organelle has this structure?

500

What is peroxisome?
Creates hydrogen peroxide that is later converted to water. Used to break down fatty acids, detoxify alcohol and other toxic substances.

500

What is the Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum?
It is found next to the nucleus; it is responsible for the assembly of many proteins and contains ribosomes on itself.

500

What are tonoplast?
It is the membrane that surrounds the large vacuole in mature plant cell.

Animal Cells

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