Basis for existence Basic building blocks Scarecrow's desire Hot flash Nature vs Nurture

100

What is 50 million?
A single cubic centimeter of the human brain consists of well over _____ nerve cells.

100

What are dendrites?
The branch-like part of the neuron that is responsible for receiving information from other neurons.

100

What is plasticity?
This term refers to the brain’s special capacity for modification and change.

100

What is the endocrine system?
This bodily system consists of glands that regulate the activities of certain organs by releasing chemical products into the bloodstream.

100

What are environmental factors?
Genetics definitely plays a large role in our characteristics and behaviors, but these factors also play an enormous role.

200

What is integration?
The brain’s ability to coordinate information from all five senses best reflects this characteristic of the nervous system.

200

What is the myelin sheath?
A layer of fat cells that insulates most axons and speeds up the transmission of nerve impulses.

200

What is the corpus callosum?
In split-brain patients, this bundle of axons connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is severed.

200

What are hormones?
The chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands are referred to as these.

200

What is molecular genetics?
This way of studying genetics involves manipulating genes using technology to determine their effect on behavior.

300

What is efferent?
The lecture you were listening to is over. The bell that rang in the hall signaled the end of class. You get up out of your seat, pick up your things, and walk out the classroom door. This kind of nerves sent the signals from your brain to your muscles to initiate your physical movements.

300

What is resting potential?
When there is a negative charge on the inside of the cell membrane and a positive charge on the outside, a neuron is in this state.

300

What is motor coordination?
If a person's cerebellum were damaged in an accident, you would expect that person to have a problem with this kind of function.

300

What is the pituitary gland?
This is sometimes referred to as the "master gland" because it controls growth and it releases the hormones that regulate other glands in the endocrine system.

300

What is polygenic inheritance?
This term is used to describe the influences of multiple genes on behavior.

400

What is the peripheral nervous system?
The somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system are components of this system.

400

What is acetylcholine?
Research suggests that for a person who is experiencing memory loss related to Alzheimer disease, there may be insufficient production of this particular neurotransmitter in his/her brain.

400

What is positron emission tomography (PET scan)?
Dr. Stern is a neuroscientist who is collecting data for a new research study. He uses this kind of technique to monitor the amount of glucose in various areas of the brain.

400

What is the pancreas?
This gland plays an important role in insulin production, metabolism, and body weight.

400

What is phenotype?
Molly’s natural hair color is brown but she has had it dyed blonde. Molly changed not her actual genetic makeup, but rather this.

500

What is the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system?
After finishing your first psychology test, you try to relax by engaging in some meditation techniques. Doing these exercises should increase the response of this branch of the nervous system, which results in a slower heart and respiration rate and less muscular tension.

500

What is an antagonist?
Michael has schizophrenia. His psychiatrist prescribed a new drug that blocks or interferes with the activity of dopamine. Michael’s doctor is using this kind of drug to treat his disorder.

500

What is difficulty with memory formation?
Steven was in a serious automobile accident that caused a severe injury to his hippocampus. Steven will likely experience this type of deficiency as a result of this brain damage.

500

What are the adrenal glands?
Ellie has recently experienced irregular mood swings. Her energy level has decreased and she seems to have greater difficulty coping with stress. Based on her symptoms, it seems as though Ellie may have problems with these glands.

500

What is behavior genetics?
Dr. Vallarta is interested in the effects of heredity and environment on intelligence. She compares the similarity of IQ scores of identical twins to the similarity of IQ scores of fraternal twins. Dr. Vallarta is conducting a study that is based on this method of studying genetics.

Ch 2 Jeopardy - Battle of the Brains!

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