Basis for existence
Basic building blocks
Scarecrow's desire
Hot flash
Nature vs Nurture & Potpourri

100

This is the branch of the life sciences that deals with the structure and functioning of the brain, neurons, nerves, and tissue that form the nervous system.
What is neuroscience?

100

The branch-like part of the neuron that is responsible for receiving information from other neurons.
What are dendrites?

100

This term refers to the brain’s special capacity for modification and change.
What is neuroplasticity?

100

This bodily system consists of glands that regulate the activities of certain organs by releasing chemical products into the bloodstream.
What is the endocrine system?

100

Genetics definitely plays a large role in our characteristics and behaviors, but these factors also play an enormous role.
What are environmental factors?

200

At least this many neurotransmitters have been identified.
What is 100?

200

A layer of fat cells that insulates most axons and speeds up the transmission of nerve impulses.
What is the myelin sheath?

200

In split-brain patients, this bundle of axons connecting the two hemispheres of the brain is severed.
What is the corpus callosum?

200

The chemical messengers produced by the endocrine glands are referred to as these.
What are hormones?

200

This way of studying genetics involves manipulating genes using technology to determine their effect on behavior.
What is molecular genetics?

300

The lecture you were listening to is over. The bell that rang in the hall signaled the end of class. You get up out of your seat, pick up your things, and walk out the classroom door. This kind of nerves sent the signals from your brain to your muscles to initiate your physical movements.
What is efferent?

300

When there is a negative charge on the inside of the cell membrane and a positive charge on the outside, a neuron is in this state.
What is resting potential?

300

If a person's cerebellum were damaged in an accident, you would expect that person to have a problem with this kind of function.
What is motor coordination?

300

This is sometimes referred to as the "master gland" because it controls growth and it releases the hormones that regulate other glands in the endocrine system.
What is the pituitary gland?

300

This division of the autonomic nervous system is responsible for the "fight or flight" response.
What is the sympathetic division?

400

The somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system are components of this system.
What is the peripheral nervous system?

400

Research suggests that for a person who is experiencing memory loss related to Alzheimer disease, there may be insufficient production of this particular neurotransmitter in his/her brain.
What is acetylcholine?

400

Dr. Stern is a neuroscientist who is collecting data for a new research study. He uses this kind of technique to monitor the amount of glucose in various areas of the brain.
What is positron emission tomography (PET scan)?

400

This gland plays an important role in insulin production, metabolism, and body weight.
What is the pancreas?

400

GABA serves mostly as this kind of neurotransmitter.
What is inhibitory?

500

After finishing your first psychology test, you try to relax by engaging in some meditation techniques. Doing these exercises should increase the response of this branch of the nervous system, which results in a slower heart and respiration rate and less muscular tension.
What is the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system?

500

Michael has schizophrenia. His psychiatrist prescribed a new drug that blocks or interferes with the activity of dopamine. Michael’s doctor is using this kind of drug to treat his disorder.
What is an antagonist?

500

Steven was in a serious automobile accident that caused a severe injury to his hippocampus. Steven will likely experience this type of deficiency as a result of this brain damage.
What is difficulty with memory formation?

500

Ellie has recently experienced irregular mood swings. Her energy level has decreased and she seems to have greater difficulty coping with stress. Based on her symptoms, it seems as though Ellie may have problems with these glands.
What are the adrenal glands?

500

Dr. Vallarta is interested in the effects of heredity and environment on intelligence. She compares the similarity of IQ scores of identical twins to the similarity of IQ scores of fraternal twins. Dr. Vallarta is conducting a study that is based on this method of studying genetics.
What is behavior genetics?