Exploration
The Atlantic
Exploration 2
Settlement
Trade/Business
100

___________ conquered Mexico and defeated the Aztec Empire.

Hernan Cortes

100

Pilgrims fled religious persecution and sailed to the New World on a ship named the ________.

Mayflower

100

Francisco Pizarro captured the Incan Empire after kidnapping Emperor __________.

Atahualpa

100

The first English settlement in the New World was called ________________.

Jamestown.

100

The growth of business and trade in Europe after the Commercial Revolution led to the rise of __________.

Capitalism

200

Francisco Pizarro conquered the Incan Empire in modern-day ______.

Peru

200

Sending manufactured goods from England to Africa, slaves from Africa to the New World, and goods back to Europe is called ____________.

The Triangular Trade Route

200

The French mapped the Mississippi River area and claimed the land for France. They named it __________ after King Louis XIV.

Louisiana

200

English Settlers sold __________ as a cash crop.

Tobacco

200

The Columbian Exchange brought new foods, new products, and new diseases to the New World, like Malaria, Typhus, Flu, and ________.

Smallpox

300

Christopher Columbus landed on the island of _________, meaning Holy Savior.

San Salvador

300

The first European nation to bring African slaves to the New World was _________.

Spain

300

Explorer Henry Hudson claimed the Hudson River are for The Dutch in modern-day _____________.

New York

300

The economic system European nations used to exploit their colonies was called __________.

Mercantilism

300

The main product slaves labored for in the Caribbean was ________.

Sugarcane

400

French explorer ______________ discovered Canada and mapped the St. Lawrence River.

Jacques Marquette

400

The _______________ was named after Christopher Columbus. In this system, items from the Old World went to the New World, and vice versa.

Columbian Exchange

400

The ___________ saw France and England fighting after they interfered with each others' colonies.

French and Indian War

400

A ______________, like a modern-day corporation, allowed private investors to pool money for a common goal.

Joint-Stock Company
400

The _____________ was a system where New World goods were sent to the Old World, and vice versa.

Columbian Exchange

500

Hernan Cortes easily defeated the Aztec Empire after Emperor ___________ thought he was a god.

Montezuma
500

The Atlantic Slave Trade travelled from Africa to the New World on a route called the _________.

Middle Passage

500

Disease killed ___________% of the Native American population after European arrival.

90%

500

Relationships between Native American women and Spanish settlers resulted in children called _______.

Mestizos

500

What was missing from Texas, Georgia, and Florida before the Columbian Exchange? Name them individually for each state.

Cattle, Peaches, Oranges.

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