Piaget's Theory Vygotsky's Sociocultural Theory Information Processing Individual Differences in Mental Development Language Development

100

What is Preoperational Stage?
Spans the years 2 to 7, the most obvious change is an extraordinary increase in representational, or symbolic activity

100

Private Speech
Children's self-directed speech is now called _______ ______ instead of egocentric speech.

100

What is planning?
Thinking out a sequence of acts ahead of time and allocating attention accordingly to reach a goal

100

False
In academic programs, teachers provide activities from which children select, and much learning takes places through play. True or false

100

What is mutual exclusivity bias?
The assumption that words refer to entirely separate (non overlapping) categories

200

What is sociodramatic play?
The make-believe with others that is under way by the end of the second year and that increases rapidly in complexity during early childhood

200

What is Intersubjectivity?
The process by which two participants who begin a task with different understandings arrive at a shared understanding.

200

What is scripts?
General descriptions of what occurs and when it occurs in a particular situation

200

What is Project Head Start?
A federal program that began in 1965 that provides children with a year or two of preschool, along with nutritional and health services

200

Fast-mapping
Connect new words with their underlying concepts after only a brief encounter, a process called __________.

300

What is dual representation?
Viewing a symbolic object as both an object in its own right and a symbol

300

False
Vygotsky's theory addresses how elementary capacities spark changes in children's social experiences, from which more advanced cognition springs. True or False

300

What is overlapping-waves theory?
When given challenging problems, children try out various strategies and observe which work best, which work less well, and which are ineffective

300

False
In child-centered programs teachers structure children's learning, teaching letters, numbers, colors, shapes and other academic skills through formal lessons, often using repetition and drill. True or false

300

What is syntactic bootstrapping?
Observing how words are used in syntax, or the structure of sentences

400

Conservation
5 year old Ashley complained to her mom that the pizza was not big enough, Ashely's mom cut the pizza into smaller slices making Ashley happy as she believed the pizza had become larger. This is because Ashley has not yet acquired ___________.

400

Guided Participation
In the morning when Julissa does her makeup, she lets her 6 year old daughter put on play makeup as well. Her daughter observes and learns from her because she is more experienced. This is an example of

400

True
4 year old Max is shown a crayon box, when asked what's inside he replies "Crayons" however he is then shown that there are candles inside. Max is then asked what his other brother, who is in the other room, would think is in the box. Max would most likely be able to explain his brothers and his own false beliefs. True or false

400

3. Behavior of the individual child
Which of these is not a program characteristic 1. Physical setting 2. Group size 3. Behavior of the individual child 4. Relationship with parents 5. Teacher qualifications

400

True
Young children rely on any useful information available to add to their vocabularies. True or false

500

Egocentrism
Sarah and Joshua are 6 year old twins. Their parents bought them Battleship. When playing, Joshua calls out the same points he put his ships on thinking Sarah's side looks the same as his. Piaget would believe that Joshua's behavior is an example of __________.

500

Scaffolding
A child is having a hard time making a block tower. The teacher suggest, "The block tower keeps falling. One way we can fix it is by putting the bigger blocks on the bottom, what's another way that you think would help it stay up?" The teacher is using a technique referred to as __________.

500

True
3 year old Max is shown a crayon box, when asked what's inside he replies "Crayons" however he is then shown that there are candles inside. Max is then asked what his other brother, who is in the other room, would think is in the box. Max would most likely NOT be able to explain his brothers and his own false beliefs. True or false

500

True
In the High/Scope Perry Preschool Project, children who received intervention were advantaged over no-intervention controls on all measure of life success when they reached adulthood. True or false

500

Pragmatics
Linda is at the checkout at a grocery store, the cashier ask "How are you today?" instead of replying with in-depth detail about her health issues and how she just got recently dumped and is sad about it she replies "Good, how are you?" with the expectation the cashier will not go into full detail of how she truly is. This interaction is part of a practical, social side of language called _________.

CH. 9 Cognitive Dev in Early Childhood

Press F11 for full-screen mode

Edit | Download | Share

Correct Response      Continue