What is tax and why do we need it?
Tax: who, what, how and why
How is tax revenue spent?

100

Define the term 'tax'.
It is money paid to governments.

100

What are the three levels of government in Australia?
Australian, state or territory, and local

100

Identify one service provided by a state or territory government.
Health, education, water and electricity, transport, roads and communications, public order and safety (police), court system, art, culture and sports, environment, running of government departments and subsidies and grants to local government.

200

Name two groups who pay tax in Australia.
Individuals and businesses

200

Which level of government raises stamp duty, land tax and payroll taxes?
State and territory

200

Name three services provided by local government.
Any three of the following: Family and community services, aged and disability services, recreation and culture, waste management, street and traffic management, infrastructure services, business and economic services, and roads and bridges

300

Which level of government collects the most tax in Australia?
Australian Government (Federal)

300

Name three taxes imposed by local government.
Any three of the following: Property rates, rubbish disposal charges, community group/program charges, building permits, fines and animal licences

300

Name two levels of government that provide health services.
Australian and state and territory governments

400

Who does the Australian Government collect GST for?
Australian states and territories

400

What event led to the Australian Government taking over income tax collection?
World War II

400

Name one area of expenditure that all levels of government have.
Administration expenditure

500

What is meant by the term 'tax-free threshold', how much is it and who does it apply to?
The amount of income below which individuals do not have to pay tax. The tax-free threshold is currently $18,200 and it applies to Australian residents.

500

What is meant by a regressive tax? Give an example.
It is a tax where the dollar amount is the same regardless of the level of income. Examples include car registration and departure tax.

500

Name three services provided only by the Australian Government.
Any three of the following: Defence, immigration, trade, postage and communications, and currency