Early Reconstruction
After Lincoln
Reconstruction Amendments
"Business as usual"
Miscellaneous

100

What was Reconstruction?
The time period following the Civil War (1865-1877) in which the southern U.S. needed to be rebuilt both physically and governmentally.

100

Who took over as President of the United States following Lincoln's death?
Andrew Johnson

100

How many Reconstruction amendments were added to the Constitution?
3

100

After the Reconstruction amendments were created, were African Americans allowed to participate in the process of voting in huge numbers?
NO! There were still many obstacles that prevented them from voting.

100

What was the Compromise of 1877?
The agreement that Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) would win the presidency in exchange for removing U.S. troops from the former Confederate states (an idea that the Democrats liked), which ended Reconstruction.

200

Who was in favor of readmitting the former Confederate states after 10 percent of former military and governmental leaders had taken a loyalty oath to the United States?
Abraham Lincoln

200

Was Andrew Johnson considered strict or lenient when it came to bringing the former Confederate states back into the Union?
Lenient

200

What did the 13th amendment do?
Free the slaves (much more permanent that the Emancipation Proclamation)

200

What were Black Codes (Jim Crow Laws)?
Laws passed in southern states (former slaves states) that purposely segregated races, thus limiting the rights of African Americans.

200

What was sharecropping?
A system of labor in which a laborer works for a farmer who owns that land. In exchange for working the land, the laborer receives a percentage of the crop.

300

Who was in favor of strict terms for allowing the former Confederate states back into the Union?
Radical Republicans (led by Thaddeus Stevens)

300

What was the name of the congressional act that was passed by mostly Radical Republicans in order to catch Andrew Johnson in the act of doing something wrong?
The Tenure of Office Act

300

What power did the 14th amendment give to the former slaves?
Granted them the rights of citizenship

300

What was a poll tax?
A fee that was put in place in southern states when citizens went to vote. This was done to prevent African Americans from voting.

300

Was sharecropping a better system or worse system compared to slavey?
You could argue both points. Most historians would say that the system was worse because it made African Americans think that they had many opportunities to work their way out of poverty, but the system instead trapped them into feeling like they were still treated like slaves.

400

What was the Freedman's Bureau?
A government organization that was established during Reconstruction to help former slaves adjust to lives as free men. They helped educated and train these former slaves for many different types of jobs.

400

What does it mean when a president is impeached?
The president is charged with a crime. The House of Representatives brings about the charges. The Senate then holds a trial and determines if the president should remain in office or not.

400

How did the creation of the 14th amendment affect state governments?
It extended the Bill of Rights (amendments 1-10) to the state level.

400

What was a literacy test?
An exam given to voters with the stated purpose of "demonstrating if a voter could read or not." If a prospective voter did not answer all of the questions correctly, he would not be allowed to vote. This was done to purposely prevent African Americans from voting.

400

What was the name of the white supremacist group that emerged during Reconstruction who used violence and intimidation to severely limit the rights of African Americans?
the Ku Klux Klan

500

What tragic event took place shortly after the end of the Civil War that changed the debate over Reconstruction?
President Lincoln's assassination.

500

How close was President Andrew Johnson to being thrown out of office? (how many votes?)
He fell one vote short in the Senate of the 2/3 majority needed to remove the president from office

500

What did the 15th amendment do?
Gave former slaves the right to vote

500

What was a grandfather clause?
A section put into most souther state constitutions that stated that the only men that could vote are the men whose grandfathers voted in the election of 1860. This was done to purposely prevent African Americans from voting.

500

What happened during the Great Migration?
Following Reconstruction, many African Americans left southern states in the hope of finding better opportunities in northern cities.