Early Reconstruction After Lincoln Reconstruction Amendments "Business as usual" Miscellaneous

100

The time period following the Civil War (1865-1877) in which the southern U.S. needed to be rebuilt both physically and governmentally.
What was Reconstruction?

100

Andrew Johnson
Who took over as President of the United States following Lincoln's death?

100

3
How many Reconstruction amendments were added to the Constitution?

100

NO! There were still many obstacles that prevented them from voting.
After the Reconstruction amendments were created, were African Americans allowed to participate in the process of voting in huge numbers?

100

The agreement that Rutherford B. Hayes (Republican) would win the presidency in exchange for removing U.S. troops from the former Confederate states (an idea that the Democrats liked), which ended Reconstruction.
What was the Compromise of 1877?

200

Abraham Lincoln
Who was in favor of readmitting the former Confederate states after 10 percent of former military and governmental leaders had taken a loyalty oath to the United States?

200

Lenient
Was Andrew Johnson considered strict or lenient when it came to bringing the former Confederate states back into the Union?

200

Free the slaves (much more permanent that the Emancipation Proclamation)
What did the 13th amendment do?

200

Laws passed in southern states (former slaves states) that purposely segregated races, thus limiting the rights of African Americans.
What were Black Codes (Jim Crow Laws)?

200

A system of labor in which a laborer works for a farmer who owns that land. In exchange for working the land, the laborer receives a percentage of the crop.
What was sharecropping?

300

Radical Republicans (led by Thaddeus Stevens)
Who was in favor of strict terms for allowing the former Confederate states back into the Union?

300

The Tenure of Office Act
What was the name of the congressional act that was passed by mostly Radical Republicans in order to catch Andrew Johnson in the act of doing something wrong?

300

Granted them the rights of citizenship
What power did the 14th amendment give to the former slaves?

300

A fee that was put in place in southern states when citizens went to vote. This was done to prevent African Americans from voting.
What was a poll tax?

300

You could argue both points. Most historians would say that the system was worse because it made African Americans think that they had many opportunities to work their way out of poverty, but the system instead trapped them into feeling like they were still treated like slaves.
Was sharecropping a better system or worse system compared to slavey?

400

A government organization that was established during Reconstruction to help former slaves adjust to lives as free men. They helped educated and train these former slaves for many different types of jobs.
What was the Freedman's Bureau?

400

The president is charged with a crime. The House of Representatives brings about the charges. The Senate then holds a trial and determines if the president should remain in office or not.
What does it mean when a president is impeached?

400

It extended the Bill of Rights (amendments 1-10) to the state level.
How did the creation of the 14th amendment affect state governments?

400

An exam given to voters with the stated purpose of "demonstrating if a voter could read or not." If a prospective voter did not answer all of the questions correctly, he would not be allowed to vote. This was done to purposely prevent African Americans from voting.
What was a literacy test?

400

the Ku Klux Klan
What was the name of the white supremacist group that emerged during Reconstruction who used violence and intimidation to severely limit the rights of African Americans?

500

President Lincoln's assassination.
What tragic event took place shortly after the end of the Civil War that changed the debate over Reconstruction?

500

He fell one vote short in the Senate of the 2/3 majority needed to remove the president from office
How close was President Andrew Johnson to being thrown out of office? (how many votes?)

500

Gave former slaves the right to vote
What did the 15th amendment do?

500

A section put into most souther state constitutions that stated that the only men that could vote are the men whose grandfathers voted in the election of 1860. This was done to purposely prevent African Americans from voting.
What was a grandfather clause?

500

Following Reconstruction, many African Americans left southern states in the hope of finding better opportunities in northern cities.
What happened during the Great Migration?

chapter 16 test review (Reconstruction)

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