A New Industrial Revolution Big Business Big Business vs. Organized Labor Urbanization and Immigration Immigration Again

100

Steel
What material was able to be mass produced during this time period, making it cheaper and easier to make? Without it, we wouldn't have the frames to make skyscrapers.

100

Andrew Carnagie
Who is the businessman that is associated with the rise of the steel industry (U.S. Steel)

100

A large business that only has one executive board overseeing the whole operation. This is also called a monopoly.
What is a trust?

100

Growth of industries that attacked many workers, African Americans had migrated North, cities near waterways attracted industries, technological advances created many new city necessities, and leisure activities drew people to cities.
Name one cause of the growth of cities in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

100

Ellis Island
What was the name of the port of entry for many European immigrants in New York Harbor in the late 1800s and early 1900s?

200

the assembly line
What is Henry Ford associated with perfecting?

200

John D. Rockafeller
Who is the businessman that is associated with the rise of the oil industry? (Standard Oil Company)

200

A businessman that was seen as doing things in a way that advanced American society.
What is a captain of industry?

200

New transportation allowed people to live in one part of the city and work in another, growth eventually leads to slums, improvement in transit eventually leads to suburbs.
Name one effect of urbanization in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

200

Angel Island
What was the name of the entry port for immigrants from Asian countries in San Francisco Bay that has a darker history then the New York port of entry?

300

products made quicker, cheaper, specialized (interchangeable) parts, same quality
Name one advantage of an assembly line over the cottage industry model.

300

Philanthropy
What was the act of giving money to charitable causes by the business men of the day called?

300

A businessman that was seen as greedy, only making the rich richer and the poor poorer
What is a robber barren?

300

the elevator (or lift)
The creation of the skyscraper was helped by the creation of what machine that made getting to all floors of the skyscraper easier?

300

Any factor that makes someone want to leave their home country and emigrate to another. Examples include political turmoil, poor economic conditions, religious oppression, etc.
What is a push factor? (general definition only)

400

Quality of product decreases, not as much attention to detail
Name one disadvantage of the assembly line versus the cottage industry.

400

When a business takes over all businesses that "feed" into it. Example: an automobile company that not only owns the factory that makes the cars, but also the tire company, steel company, and railroads that get the raw materials to the factory and cars out of the factory.
What is vertical integration?

400

The theory that the people who had become rich and successful ended up that way because they had the right stuff in order to do that. Poor people ended up poor because they didn't have the right stuff. "Survival of the fittest".
What was the theory of Social Darwinism?

400

It provided a place to escape the city life for a little while. A place where city-dwellers could enjoy nature and get away from the stress of the city life.
Why was the creation of parks (like Central Park in NYC) so important to the make-up of a city?

400

Any factor that draws an immigrant to live in a new country. Examples include good economic conditions, religious freedom, a stable government, etc)
What is a pull factor? (general definition)

500

George Eastman
Who is associated with inventing the personal camera?

500

A business that is able to take over its competitors in that same industry
What is horizontal integration?

500

Fair wages, overtime pay for overtime work, safer working conditions, child labor laws
Name one goal of early labor unions

500

Settlement house
Jane Adams established Hull House in Chicago as a way to help immigrants become accustomed to American life by teaching them skills that they would need to live and work in the United States. What was the name given to this type of establishment?

500

The American (Know Nothing) Party, California law that placed additional taxes on businesses that hired Chinese workers, Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Immigration Restriction League, the Office of the Superintendent of Immigration.
Name one government policy/political group that worked to limit the amount of immigrants entering the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s.

chapter 18 urbanization

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