A New Industrial Revolution
Big Business
Big Business vs. Organized Labor
Urbanization and Immigration
Immigration Again

100

What material was able to be mass produced during this time period, making it cheaper and easier to make? Without it, we wouldn't have the frames to make skyscrapers.
Steel

100

Who is the businessman that is associated with the rise of the steel industry (U.S. Steel)
Andrew Carnagie

100

What is a trust?
A large business that only has one executive board overseeing the whole operation. This is also called a monopoly.

100

Name one cause of the growth of cities in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Growth of industries that attacked many workers, African Americans had migrated North, cities near waterways attracted industries, technological advances created many new city necessities, and leisure activities drew people to cities.

100

What was the name of the port of entry for many European immigrants in New York Harbor in the late 1800s and early 1900s?
Ellis Island

200

What is Henry Ford associated with perfecting?
the assembly line

200

Who is the businessman that is associated with the rise of the oil industry? (Standard Oil Company)
John D. Rockafeller

200

What is a captain of industry?
A businessman that was seen as doing things in a way that advanced American society.

200

Name one effect of urbanization in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
New transportation allowed people to live in one part of the city and work in another, growth eventually leads to slums, improvement in transit eventually leads to suburbs.

200

What was the name of the entry port for immigrants from Asian countries in San Francisco Bay that has a darker history then the New York port of entry?
Angel Island

300

Name one advantage of an assembly line over the cottage industry model.
products made quicker, cheaper, specialized (interchangeable) parts, same quality

300

What was the act of giving money to charitable causes by the business men of the day called?
Philanthropy

300

What is a robber barren?
A businessman that was seen as greedy, only making the rich richer and the poor poorer

300

The creation of the skyscraper was helped by the creation of what machine that made getting to all floors of the skyscraper easier?
the elevator (or lift)

300

What is a push factor? (general definition only)
Any factor that makes someone want to leave their home country and emigrate to another. Examples include political turmoil, poor economic conditions, religious oppression, etc.

400

Name one disadvantage of the assembly line versus the cottage industry.
Quality of product decreases, not as much attention to detail

400

What is vertical integration?
When a business takes over all businesses that "feed" into it. Example: an automobile company that not only owns the factory that makes the cars, but also the tire company, steel company, and railroads that get the raw materials to the factory and cars out of the factory.

400

What was the theory of Social Darwinism?
The theory that the people who had become rich and successful ended up that way because they had the right stuff in order to do that. Poor people ended up poor because they didn't have the right stuff. "Survival of the fittest".

400

Why was the creation of parks (like Central Park in NYC) so important to the make-up of a city?
It provided a place to escape the city life for a little while. A place where city-dwellers could enjoy nature and get away from the stress of the city life.

400

What is a pull factor? (general definition)
Any factor that draws an immigrant to live in a new country. Examples include good economic conditions, religious freedom, a stable government, etc)

500

Who is associated with inventing the personal camera?
George Eastman

500

What is horizontal integration?
A business that is able to take over its competitors in that same industry

500

Name one goal of early labor unions
Fair wages, overtime pay for overtime work, safer working conditions, child labor laws

500

Jane Adams established Hull House in Chicago as a way to help immigrants become accustomed to American life by teaching them skills that they would need to live and work in the United States. What was the name given to this type of establishment?
Settlement house

500

Name one government policy/political group that worked to limit the amount of immigrants entering the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s.
The American (Know Nothing) Party, California law that placed additional taxes on businesses that hired Chinese workers, Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Immigration Restriction League, the Office of the Superintendent of Immigration.