Vocabulary
Zhou Dynasty
Confucianism
Daoism
Legalism

100

a line of rulers in China from about 1045 to 256 B.C.E.
What is the Zhou Dynasty

100

This was a power that controlled human destiny, and the king was the son of it.
What is Heaven

100

Later called Confucius by westerners, this is the name of the founder of Confucianism.
Who is Kongfuzi

100

This was the founder of Daoism
Who is Loazi

100

This is the name of the founder of Legalism
Who is Hanfeizi

200

one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces; the opposite of yang
What is yin

200

According to the Mandate of Heaven, if a king did not govern well, these two things would happen.
What is 1) heaven would show signs of its displeasure, such as earthquakes and floods 2)others had the right to overthrow the king

200

This was the goal of Confucianism
What is a just and peaceful society.

200

This is the the title of the writings of Loazi
What is the Dao De Jing

200

According to legalism, people naturally have this characteristic.
What is selfishness

300

a person who works for a government
What is a civil servant

300

These were the supporters of the king who were given land in exchange for providing the king with soldiers.
Who are nobles

300

The teachings of Confucius were compiled into this book.
What is The Analects

300

According to Daosim, people achieved happiness by living in harmony with this.
What is nature

300

Rulers should establish these, according to Legalism
What are strict rules with harsh punishments for bad behavior and rewards for good behavior.

400

a power or law believed to be granted by a god
What is the Mandate of Heaven

400

This is the era towards the end of the Zhou Dynasty, when 6 or 7 states warred for power, and plunged China into 250 years of disorder.
What is the Warring States period.

400

Under the Han Dynasty, these people were hired based on their merit, such as passing an exam that could be graded by the king, their ability, and knowing the Chinese classics.
Who are civil servants.

400

This is the name for the Daoist concept of harmony and balance with the opposite forces of nature.
What is the yin and the yang

400

Legalists should have these two characteristics of leadership.
What are 1) absolute power 2) military backing

500

a system of government based on landowners and tenants
What is feudalism

500

This is what the Chinese called the many ideas scholars came up with, about how rulers should create order and govern.
What is the "Hundred Schools of Thought"

500

According to Confucianism, these are the 5 basic relationships (in order)
What is: 1. Ruler to subject 2. Husband and wife 3. Father to son 4. Older sibling to younger sibling 5. Friend to friend

500

According to Daoism, the best rulers do this.
What is that they rule the least.

500

This dynasty adopted the teachings of Legalism when designing their own government
What is the Qin Dynasty