Vocabulary Zhou Dynasty Confucianism Daoism Legalism

100

What is the Zhou Dynasty
a line of rulers in China from about 1045 to 256 B.C.E.

100

What is Heaven
This was a power that controlled human destiny, and the king was the son of it.

100

Who is Kongfuzi
Later called Confucius by westerners, this is the name of the founder of Confucianism.

100

Who is Loazi
This was the founder of Daoism

100

Who is Hanfeizi
This is the name of the founder of Legalism

200

What is yin
one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces; the opposite of yang

200

What is 1) heaven would show signs of its displeasure, such as earthquakes and floods 2)others had the right to overthrow the king
According to the Mandate of Heaven, if a king did not govern well, these two things would happen.

200

What is a just and peaceful society.
This was the goal of Confucianism

200

What is the Dao De Jing
This is the the title of the writings of Loazi

200

What is selfishness
According to legalism, people naturally have this characteristic.

300

What is a civil servant
a person who works for a government

300

Who are nobles
These were the supporters of the king who were given land in exchange for providing the king with soldiers.

300

What is The Analects
The teachings of Confucius were compiled into this book.

300

What is nature
According to Daosim, people achieved happiness by living in harmony with this.

300

What are strict rules with harsh punishments for bad behavior and rewards for good behavior.
Rulers should establish these, according to Legalism

400

What is the Mandate of Heaven
a power or law believed to be granted by a god

400

What is the Warring States period.
This is the era towards the end of the Zhou Dynasty, when 6 or 7 states warred for power, and plunged China into 250 years of disorder.

400

Who are civil servants.
Under the Han Dynasty, these people were hired based on their merit, such as passing an exam that could be graded by the king, their ability, and knowing the Chinese classics.

400

What is the yin and the yang
This is the name for the Daoist concept of harmony and balance with the opposite forces of nature.

400

What are 1) absolute power 2) military backing
Legalists should have these two characteristics of leadership.

500

What is feudalism
a system of government based on landowners and tenants

500

What is the "Hundred Schools of Thought"
This is what the Chinese called the many ideas scholars came up with, about how rulers should create order and govern.

500

What is: 1. Ruler to subject 2. Husband and wife 3. Father to son 4. Older sibling to younger sibling 5. Friend to friend
According to Confucianism, these are the 5 basic relationships (in order)

500

What is that they rule the least.
According to Daoism, the best rulers do this.

500

What is the Qin Dynasty
This dynasty adopted the teachings of Legalism when designing their own government

Chapter 21: Three Chinese Philosophies

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