Key Terms and Key Phrases
Key Terms and Key Phrases 2
Chapter Context
Chapter Context 2
100

The Earth system that contains all living things.

What is: Biosphere

100

Define Water Cycle

What is: The continuous movement of water on, above, or below Earth's surface.

100

Name the frozen portion of water on Earth's surface

What is: Cryosphere

100

Name the largest reservoir of water on Earth.

What is: The Ocean

200

A mixture of gases that forms a layer around Earth.

What is: Atmosphere

200

Define Rock Cycle

What is: The series of processes that transport and continually change rocks into different forms. 

200

Name the lowest level of Earth's atmosphere.

What is: Troposphere

200

Describe how clouds are formed.

What is: Water condenses into millions of small water drops that come together in the air. 

300

The system containing all of Earth's water.

What is: Hydrosphere

300

The process by which plants release water vapor through their leaves. 

What is: Transpiration

300

Name the three layers of the geosphere.

What are: Crust, Mantle, and Core

300

Name two of four factors that are used to describe weather. 

What are: Air temperature, Air pressure, Wind, and Humidity

400

Water that is stored in the cracks and pores beneath earth's surface.

What is: Groundwater

400

Name the difference between weather and climate.

What is: Weather is the state of the atmosphere at a certain time and place while climate is the average state of the atmosphere over a period of time.

400

Name the three major types of rocks

What are: Sedimentary, Igneous, and Metamorphic

400

Name a process that forms sedimentary rock.

What are: Deposition, weathering, and/or compaction.

500

Naturally occurring, inorganic solids that have crystal structures and definite chemical compositions. 

What is: Minerals

500

Define Uplift

What is: The process that moves large bodies of Earth materials to higher elevations. 

500

Name the four major spheres that make up the Earth and its systems. 

What is: Biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere

500

Name the steps of the water cycle.

What is: Evaporation, Condensation, and Precipitation

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