Vocabulary and Other
Rome's Conquest of the Italian Peninsula
Overseas Expansion During the Punic Wars
Expansion During the Final Years of the Republic
Rome Becomes an Empire

100

The process of becoming larger, such as an empire.
What is expansion?

100

These people almost took over Rome and burned it to the ground.
What are Gauls?

100

During Rome's 2nd period of expansion, it fought three wars with this city.
What is Carthage?

100

By the end of Rome's third period of expansion, the republic did this.
What is collapsed/ended?

100

Plotters who killed Caesar thought they were doing this.
What is saving the republic?

200

A large territory in which several groups of people are ruled by a single leader or government.
What is empire?

200

The "cost" of Rome's expansion of the Italian peninsula.
What is fighting wars for 2 centuries and/or Gauls once destroyed the city.

200

Carthage is in this area.
What is North Africa?

200

Romans often treated their slaves this way.
What is very harshly?

200

After the death of Caesar and 10 years of civil war, this man became the first emperor of Rome.
Who is Octavian?

300

A war between regions of the same country.
What is civil war?

300

As Roman territory grew, Rome had to keep this to protect them.
What is keep a large, permanent army?

300

The wars fought between Rome and Carthage are referred to as these.
What are the Punic Wars?

300

This man led a slave revolt in 73 B.C.E.
Who is Spartacus?

300

The Senate gave Octavian this title, which means "revered" (honored).
What is Augustus?

400

Wars fought between Rome and Carthage.
What are the Punic Wars?

400

Roman allies had to give this to Rome.
What are taxes and/or soldiers?

400

He was a brilliant general from Carthage.
Who was Hannibal?

400

A civil war broke out between two generals. Name them.
Who are Pompey and Julius Caesar?

400

The peace the Mediterranean experienced for nearly 200 years under Roman rule.
What is the Pax Romana?

500

Before Rome was an empire, it was this.
What is a republic?

500

By this year, Rome had conquered all of the Italian peninsula.
What is 275 B.C.E. (anything between 275-264 B.C.E. is acceptable)?

500

A Roman senator who demanded the destruction of Carthage.
Who is Cato?

500

Caesar was named this (by the Senate) once he defeated Pompey.
What is dictator for life?

500

This is why the empire was hard to control as time went on.
What is empire got increasingly larger and became more and more costly?