Vocabulary and Other Rome's Conquest of the Italian Peninsula Overseas Expansion During the Punic Wars Expansion During the Final Years of the Republic Rome Becomes an Empire

100

What is expansion?
The process of becoming larger, such as an empire.

100

What are Gauls?
These people almost took over Rome and burned it to the ground.

100

What is Carthage?
During Rome's 2nd period of expansion, it fought three wars with this city.

100

What is collapsed/ended?
By the end of Rome's third period of expansion, the republic did this.

100

What is saving the republic?
Plotters who killed Caesar thought they were doing this.

200

What is empire?
A large territory in which several groups of people are ruled by a single leader or government.

200

What is fighting wars for 2 centuries and/or Gauls once destroyed the city.
The "cost" of Rome's expansion of the Italian peninsula.

200

What is North Africa?
Carthage is in this area.

200

What is very harshly?
Romans often treated their slaves this way.

200

Who is Octavian?
After the death of Caesar and 10 years of civil war, this man became the first emperor of Rome.

300

What is civil war?
A war between regions of the same country.

300

What is keep a large, permanent army?
As Roman territory grew, Rome had to keep this to protect them.

300

What are the Punic Wars?
The wars fought between Rome and Carthage are referred to as these.

300

Who is Spartacus?
This man led a slave revolt in 73 B.C.E.

300

What is Augustus?
The Senate gave Octavian this title, which means "revered" (honored).

400

What are the Punic Wars?
Wars fought between Rome and Carthage.

400

What are taxes and/or soldiers?
Roman allies had to give this to Rome.

400

Who was Hannibal?
He was a brilliant general from Carthage.

400

Who are Pompey and Julius Caesar?
A civil war broke out between two generals. Name them.

400

What is the Pax Romana?
The peace the Mediterranean experienced for nearly 200 years under Roman rule.

500

What is a republic?
Before Rome was an empire, it was this.

500

What is 275 B.C.E. (anything between 275-264 B.C.E. is acceptable)?
By this year, Rome had conquered all of the Italian peninsula.

500

Who is Cato?
A Roman senator who demanded the destruction of Carthage.

500

What is dictator for life?
Caesar was named this (by the Senate) once he defeated Pompey.

500

What is empire got increasingly larger and became more and more costly?
This is why the empire was hard to control as time went on.

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire

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