Vocabulary
Vocabulary
Video Notes
True or False
Reading Check

100

influence p.256/254
change, or have an effect on *Please use it in a sentence

100

These are found on the rugged mountains and rocky coastlines of Greece
olive trees

100

Name one of the seas that borders Greece?
Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean Sea

100

Life in the Greek city state focused on the agora or marketplace. p258
True! Because it was a large open space, the market also served as a meeting place. People held both political and religious assemblies in the market.

100

How did mountains affect the location of Greek settlements? p256
villages and towns were separated by mountains

200

polis p.258
the Greek word for a city-state

200

Another word for how the Minoans and the Mycenaeans affected each other and the entire Aegean region around them.
influence

200

Name one country that Greece shares much of its history with?
Italy, Egypt and Turkey

200

The Mycenaeans thought that trade should be conducted peacefully. p257
False! The Mycenaeans didn't think trade had to be conducted peacefully. They often attacked other kingdoms and this may have started the Trojan War.

200

To what regions did Minoan and Mycenaean traders travel?
Minoans- eastern Mediterranean Mycenaeans- Mediterranean and Black seas

300

classical p.258
the classical age is one that is marked by great achievements.

300

The creation of this marks the beginning of what is know as Greece's classical age
polis

300

What is the name of the city that remains at the heart of the nation?
Athens

300

The Minoans were among the best shipbuilders of their time. p256
True! Minoan ships carried goods such as wood, olive oil and pottery all around the eastern Mediterranean.

300

Why did the Greeks develop city-states? p259
to band together for protection and stability

400

acropolis p.258
fortress that stands on top of a high hill

400

During this time, the Greek culture was marked with great achievements in the arts, science, mathematics and medicine
classical age

400

Where can the spirit of the past be felt?
Ruins of the Acropolis, along the roads of Delphi and Mount Olympus

400

The mainland of Greece is an island that is surrounded by water p255
False! The mainland of Greece is a peninsula, an area of land that is surrounded on three sides by water.

400

What bodies of water surround Greece? p255
Ionian, Mediterranean, and Aegean seas

500

olive trees p.254
Grown by the early Greeks and used for food and oil

500

A Greek city was usually built around this and was surrounded by walls for added protection
acropolis

500

More than 1/3 of the population of Greece lives in which Greek City?
Athens

500

Greek communities saw themselves as separate countries. p255
True! Communities were isolated by mountains and seas and as a result people created their own governments and ways of life.

500

Greek city-states and colonies were spread around the Mediterranean Sea and which other large sea? p258
the Black Sea