Vocabulary Vocabulary Video Notes True or False Reading Check

100

change, or have an effect on *Please use it in a sentence
influence p.256/254

100

olive trees
These are found on the rugged mountains and rocky coastlines of Greece

100

Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean Sea
Name one of the seas that borders Greece?

100

True! Because it was a large open space, the market also served as a meeting place. People held both political and religious assemblies in the market.
Life in the Greek city state focused on the agora or marketplace. p258

100

villages and towns were separated by mountains
How did mountains affect the location of Greek settlements? p256

200

the Greek word for a city-state
polis p.258

200

influence
Another word for how the Minoans and the Mycenaeans affected each other and the entire Aegean region around them.

200

Italy, Egypt and Turkey
Name one country that Greece shares much of its history with?

200

False! The Mycenaeans didn't think trade had to be conducted peacefully. They often attacked other kingdoms and this may have started the Trojan War.
The Mycenaeans thought that trade should be conducted peacefully. p257

200

Minoans- eastern Mediterranean Mycenaeans- Mediterranean and Black seas
To what regions did Minoan and Mycenaean traders travel?

300

the classical age is one that is marked by great achievements.
classical p.258

300

polis
The creation of this marks the beginning of what is know as Greece's classical age

300

Athens
What is the name of the city that remains at the heart of the nation?

300

True! Minoan ships carried goods such as wood, olive oil and pottery all around the eastern Mediterranean.
The Minoans were among the best shipbuilders of their time. p256

300

to band together for protection and stability
Why did the Greeks develop city-states? p259

400

fortress that stands on top of a high hill
acropolis p.258

400

classical age
During this time, the Greek culture was marked with great achievements in the arts, science, mathematics and medicine

400

Ruins of the Acropolis, along the roads of Delphi and Mount Olympus
Where can the spirit of the past be felt?

400

False! The mainland of Greece is a peninsula, an area of land that is surrounded on three sides by water.
The mainland of Greece is an island that is surrounded by water p255

400

Ionian, Mediterranean, and Aegean seas
What bodies of water surround Greece? p255

500

Grown by the early Greeks and used for food and oil
olive trees p.254

500

acropolis
A Greek city was usually built around this and was surrounded by walls for added protection

500

Athens
More than 1/3 of the population of Greece lives in which Greek City?

500

True! Communities were isolated by mountains and seas and as a result people created their own governments and ways of life.
Greek communities saw themselves as separate countries. p255

500

the Black Sea
Greek city-states and colonies were spread around the Mediterranean Sea and which other large sea? p258

Chapter 9 Section 1 Geography and the Early Greeks

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