Declaration of Independence Early Fighting Important Battles End of War Main Effects

100

Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

100

Battle of Lexington and Concord
What was the first battle of the War for Independence?

100

False: the part of the River Washington and his men crossed was much smaller in size.
True or False: When George Washington and his men crossed the Deleware River just before the Battle of Trenton, they crossed a long stretch of river that appeared as if they had to cross the middle of an ocean.

100

Battle of Yorktown
What was the name of the final major battle of the war?

100

"Homefield advantage"- the Americans knew the land and terrain much better than the British did.
How did geography give a huge advantage to the Americans?

200

Common Sense by Thomas Paine
What was the name of the pamphlet that strongly influenced the creation of the Declaration of Independence?

200

Battle of Bunker Hill.
What was the second major battle of the War for Independence, one where solders were told to "wait to shoot until you can see the whites in their eyes."? The Americans would end up losing this battle.

200

Battle of Trenton
On Christmas of 1776, George Washington and his men were able to stage a surprise attack on the British. What was the name of this battle?

200

2 years (Battle of Yorktown=1781; treaty signed 1783)
How long after the Battle of Yorktown did the war last until a peace treaty was signed?

200

The American side because they wanted to fight to create a new country; the British fought to "preserve the empire".
Which side had a stronger cause to fight for?

300

The list of grievences
In the Declaration, there is a section that lists all of the reasons that the Continental Congress wished to declare independence from Britain. What was this section called?

300

Americans were now fighting to create a new country, a cause that was very worthy to fight for.
How did the Declaration of Independence change the American motivation for fighting the war?

300

The Battle of Saratoga
Which battle (which took place in 1777) was considered most important in the war? (hint: the Americans won this battle, and it convinced the French to enter the war on the American side)

300

Treaty of Paris, 1783
What was the name of the treaty that both the United States and Britain signed that gave the U.S. independence from Britain?

300

There were many, but the BIGGEST name to remember is George Washington.
One reason why the Americans were able to win the war was because of the military leadership of their officers. Name one such officer.

400

Answers vary. (think back to your text messages)
Summarize the Declaration of Independence as best as you can.

400

The Americans were low on ammunition, so they were told to fire as little ammo as possible.
Why might American soldiers have been told in the Battle of Bunker Hill to "hold your fire until you can see the whites in their eyes?"

400

Take care of the farms/ businesses while men were away fighting
What was the role of women in the war?

400

Guerrilla warefare
What was the name given to the hit-and- run style of fighting that some Americans used?

400

Spain, the Netherlands
In addition to the French providing military support to the Americans, there were two other European countries that helped to supply the American side with economic ($$$) support. Name ONE of them

500

women's rights, civil rights, French Revolution, Freedom movement in Vietnam, etc.
Name one other movement that the words of the Declaration of Independence inspired?

500

Hessian soldiers
What were the German mercenary soldiers that fought alongside the British called?

500

They supported the British more than the Americans. They thought that by supporting the British, they might have a better shot at achieving freedom from slavery.
How did African-American slaves feel about the war?

500

They were forced to leave the new country. Many went to Canada or back to Britain.
What happened to the loyalists that remained in the United States?

500

Answer will vary.
In your opinion, what was the most important battle of the war for independence? Use specific evidence to support your answer.

Chapter 6 Battle for Independence

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