When two objects are similar in size, but the one farther away appears to be smaller
What is relative size?
Filling in the gaps to create a whole object
What is closure?
Perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal images change.
What is perceptual constancy?
This form of selective attention is failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere.
What is inattentional blindness?
Parallel lines that seem to converge as the distance increase
What is linear perspective?
Grouping nearby figures together
What is proximity?
Perceiving an object having a constant size, even when our distance from it varies.
What is size constancy?
In an experiment, 40 percent of people focused on repeating a list of sometimes challenging words failed to notice a change in the person speaking. This is known as what?
What is change deafness?
When objects are higher in our field of vision, it appears to be farther away
What is relative height?
The perception of linked spots, lines, or areas as a single unit
What is connectedness?
A piece of black paper in the sunlight may reflect 100 times more light than white paper, but would still appear as black. What type of constancy is illustrated?
What is lightness constancy?
Brian cannot focus on everything all at one time. Instead, his awareness chooses to focus on only a limited aspect of what he experiences. What is this called?
What is selective attention?
Sally is able to see the details of the road in front of her, but as she looks farther down, the road appears to be smoother. What monocular cue is used?
What is texture gradient?
Perceiving smooth, continuous patterns rather than discontinuous ones
What is continuity?
The distorted room which helps us understand the perceived relationship between distance and size can also be known as?
What is Muller-Lyer illusion?
When Amanda was wearing a headset that had two conversations, one in each ear, she could only repeat back one conversation. What is this selective attention called?
What is cocktail party effect?
Josh is looking at a painting where part of the river is blocked by the trees, making the tree appear closer. This observation shows that the artist used what type of monocular cue?
What is interposition?
Brandon is grouping his different shaped erasers according to their shape. What method is he using?
What is similarity?
When the door opens, it casts a changing shape, but Felicia still manages to perceive it as a door like shape. What type of constancy is this?
What is shape constancy?
When asked to choose between which of the two boys were cuter, Samantha was unaware of which boy she was talking about because she was too busy thinking about the reason for her decision. This is known as what?
What is choice-blindness?
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