Kinds of Memory Information Processing Stages of Memory Terms Terms Continued

100

What is Explicit memory?
Also known as declarative memory; memory of specific information

100

What are visual codes?
Mental representation of information as a picture

100

What is sensory memory?
First memory encountered by a stimulus

100

What is primacy effect?
Tendency to recall the 1st items in a series more accurately

100

What is context dependent memory?
The tendency to remember information better in the context in which it was encoded or stored

200

What is Prospective memory?
This kind of memory involves remembering to do things in the future

200

What is storage?
Maintaining information over time

200

What is STM?
Also called working memory; holds info. for a minute or so before it decays

200

What is displacement?
To cause information to be lost from STM by adding new information

200

What is retroactive interference?
New learning interferes with retrieval of old learning

300

What is Implicit or nondeclarative memory?
This kind of memory involves habits and the effects of conditioning

300

What is elaborative rehearsal?
The best way to store memories

300

What is echoic memory?
The sensory register that briefly holds mental representations of auditory stimuli

300

What is 7 plus or minus 1 or 2?
The "magic number"

300

What is anterograde amnesia?
Failure to remember events occurring after physical trauma because of the effects of the trauma

400

What is Episodic memory?
This is a part of explicit memory, and involves memories of things that happen to us

400

What is encoding?
Changing information so that we can place it in memory

400

What is LTM?
This is a vast storehouse of information that cannot be deleted or destroyed

400

What is a flashbulb memory?
A memory that we tend to remember because it is surprising, important, and emotionally stirring

400

What is infantile amnesia?
The inability to recall events that occurred prior to age 2-3

500

What is semantic memory?
This is the part of explicit memory that deals with general knowledge or meanings

500

What is retrieval?
Locating information and returning it to consciousness

500

What is eidetic imagery?
"Photographic memory"

500

What is deja vu?
Sometimes occurs when we are in a context similar to one we have been in before

500

What is tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon?
The feeling that you know a word but cannot quite retrieve it

Chapter 7: Memory

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