Kinds of Memory
Information Processing
Stages of Memory
Terms
Terms Continued

100

Also known as declarative memory; memory of specific information
What is Explicit memory?

100

Mental representation of information as a picture
What are visual codes?

100

First memory encountered by a stimulus
What is sensory memory?

100

Tendency to recall the 1st items in a series more accurately
What is primacy effect?

100

The tendency to remember information better in the context in which it was encoded or stored
What is context dependent memory?

200

This kind of memory involves remembering to do things in the future
What is Prospective memory?

200

Maintaining information over time
What is storage?

200

Also called working memory; holds info. for a minute or so before it decays
What is STM?

200

To cause information to be lost from STM by adding new information
What is displacement?

200

New learning interferes with retrieval of old learning
What is retroactive interference?

300

This kind of memory involves habits and the effects of conditioning
What is Implicit or nondeclarative memory?

300

The best way to store memories
What is elaborative rehearsal?

300

The sensory register that briefly holds mental representations of auditory stimuli
What is echoic memory?

300

The "magic number"
What is 7 plus or minus 1 or 2?

300

Failure to remember events occurring after physical trauma because of the effects of the trauma
What is anterograde amnesia?

400

This is a part of explicit memory, and involves memories of things that happen to us
What is Episodic memory?

400

Changing information so that we can place it in memory
What is encoding?

400

This is a vast storehouse of information that cannot be deleted or destroyed
What is LTM?

400

A memory that we tend to remember because it is surprising, important, and emotionally stirring
What is a flashbulb memory?

400

The inability to recall events that occurred prior to age 2-3
What is infantile amnesia?

500

This is the part of explicit memory that deals with general knowledge or meanings
What is semantic memory?

500

Locating information and returning it to consciousness
What is retrieval?

500

"Photographic memory"
What is eidetic imagery?

500

Sometimes occurs when we are in a context similar to one we have been in before
What is deja vu?

500

The feeling that you know a word but cannot quite retrieve it
What is tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon?