Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5

100

What is memory?
___________ refers to the capacity to retain and retrieve information.

100

What is explicit?
Conscious, intentional recollection of an event or of an item of information is called __________ memory.

100

What is parallel distributed processing?
The __________ model of memory suggests that knowledge is represented as connections among thousands of interacting processing units, distributed in a vast network and all operating in parallel.

100

What is Declarative?
__________ memories could be called “knowing that something is true” memories.

100

What is decay?
According to the _________________ theory of forgetting, information in memory eventually disappears if it is not accessed.

200

What is like watching unconnected frames of a movie and figuring out what the rest of the scene was like.
Recovering a memory is like __________.

200

What is relearning?
Mackenzie is enrolled in a psychology course that requires students to complete a comprehensive final exam. Mackenzie studied many hours throughout the semester to master the course material. At the end of the semester when she studied for the final exam, she realized that it did not take her very long to learn the material covered at the beginning of the semester. This is an example of __________.

200

What is sensory register?
In the three-box model, all incoming sensory information must make a brief stop in the __________ before the information fades or moves.

200

What is semantic ?
Memories of general knowledge, including facts, rules, and concepts are called ___________ memories.

200

What is replacement?
According to the ___________ theory of forgetting, one’s original perception can be erased by new information.

300

What is source misattribution?
The inability to distinguish your original experience from information you added after the fact is a phenomenon known as __________.

300

What is priming?
When psychologists ask someone to read or listen to some information and then test the person later to see if the information affected performance on a completely different task, they are using a memory-testing method known as __________.

300

What is working?
__________ memory includes short-term memory and information retrieved.

300

What is rehearsal?
An important technique for keeping information in short-term memory and increasing the chances of long-term retention is __________.

300

What is interference?
According to the __________ theory of forgetting, information may get into memory but become confused with other information.

400

What is frozen memory?
Christina was visiting a friend in New York City on September 11, 2001, the day of the attack on the World Trade Center. To her, that day seems frozen in time. She remembers exactly where she was, what she was doing, and what she felt as the morning transpired. This vivid recollection is known as __________.

400

What is Short-term?
__________ memory has a limited capacity and stores items for about 30 seconds.

400

What is chunk?
A(n) __________ is a meaningful unit of information that may be composed of smaller units.

400

What is elaborative?
Although maintenance rehearsal can work for STM, it does not always lead to long-term retention. A better way to rehearse new information is to associate new items of information with material that has already been stored or with other new facts. This type of rehearsal is known as __________.

400

What is Retroactive interference?
__________ is defined as forgetting that occurs when recently learned material interferes with the ability to remember old information.

500

What is Confabulation?
Which term is used to describe the confusion of an event that happened to someone else with one that happened to you?

500

What is Long-term?
__________ memory has an unlimited capacity and can keep information for hours or decades.

500

What is episodic?
Memories of personally experienced events and the contexts in which they occurred are called __________ memories.

500

What is a mnemonic?
As she studies her psychology textbook, Marilyn wants to make sure that she remembers that sound intensity is measured in units called decibels and that each decibel is one-tenth of a bel, which is a unit named after Alexander Graham Bell. Marilyn creates a visual image of 10 little elf-like Alexander Graham Bells trying to turn up the volume of a huge stereo. Her strategy is called __________.

500

What is Proactive interference?
__________ is defined as forgetting that occurs when previously stored material interferes with the ability to remember similar, more recently stored material.

Chapter 8 Psychology Review

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