Greece and Persia
Sparta and Athens
Alexander the Great
Greek Achievements
Alexander/Greek Ideas

100

What was the major religion in Persia while Darius was ruler?
Zoroastrianism.

100

While Athens was known for its powerful navy, Sparta was known for its powerful_________.
Army

100

Predict what would have happened if Alexander had not died at a young age.
Alexander's empire would have grown even larger.

100

What was the most impressive of all ancient Greek buildings?
The Parthenon.

100

How are Xerxes I and Darius similar in regards to what they wanted?
Both men wanted to conquer Greece.

200

Describe the characteristics of the Persian army.
The Persian army was strong and well organized.

200

What might have happened in Sparta if its army had become weak, considering they had enslaved so many people?
Slaves would have staged a rebellion.

200

What allowed Philip of Macedonia to easily conquer the Greeks?
The Greeks did not unite to fight Philip.

200

Why were the many achievements of ancient Greece so important?
The achievements of ancient Greece were so important because they strongly shaped Western civilization.

200

Why did Darius fill Persia's capital city with gold, sliver, and beautiful artwork?
He wanted the city to reflect the glory of the empire.

300

How did Darius come to rule Persia if he was not the son of Cyrus?
Cyrus' son Cambyses died in a rebellion, leaving Persia without a clear leader, Darius claimed the throne and killed all his rivals.

300

The women of Sparta received physical training like the men. What conclusion can you draw about Spartan women?
Spartan women were strong and healthy.

300

Describe Alexander the Great in terms of being a military leader.
He enjoyed being a military commander and conquering new lands.

300

What can you infer about the ancient Greeks based upon their achievements?
The ancient Greeks valued philosophy and the arts.

300

DAILY DOUBLE!!!!!!!!! What happened to Alexander's empire after he died?
It was divided into three kingdoms. (Name Three for Bonus)

400

What caused Darius to first become angry with the Greeks?
Some Greeks gave aid to other Greeks who rebelled against Persia.

400

What caused the Peloponnesian War to begin?
Greek cities feared Athens would control Greece.

400

What happened after Alexander and his army crossed the Indus River in India?
His troops were exhausted and refused to fight any longer.

400

Why were early Greek philosophers and their thoughts so important?
They were important because they were the first people to consider explanations for events other than that they were the work of gods.

400

What advances did the Greeks make that still influence the world today?
Answers will vary.

500

Make an inference: As ruler of Persia, what do you think Darius was most interested in doing?
He was interested in making Persia's empire strong.

500

Compare and contrast the cultures of Sparta and Athens.
The Athenian males spent two years in the military. The Athenians thought that education was very important. The Spartans spent many years in the military. The Spartan women had more rights than the Athenian women.

500

Why did Alexander work to spread Greek culture throughout his empire?
Alexander admired and enjoyed Greek culture and ideas.

500

What did the Greek philosophers believe was more important than anything else in life?
They believed that using the human mind to think and understand was the most important thing in life.

500

What do you think Aristotle would have said about the Spartan way of life?
Aristotle would have said that the Spartan culture should have more moderation in their lives. The Spartans focused on military power and Aristotle would have told them to focus on arts and sciences as well.