Cliffs
Caves, Arches, Stacks, Stumps
Beaches and Dunes
Spits
100

The process of a cliff moving back is called?

Retreat

100
Arches will only form at what type of Coastal Landform?
Headland
100

The furthest point of a dune, where waves will deposit material is called the what?

The Berm (of a dune)

100

What drives the creation of a spit?

longshore drift

200

What will be found at the base of a cliff?

Wave cut platfom

200
What is the main erosional process which will cause the formation of a cave?
Hydraulic Action
200
What are the three zones of a Beach?
Backshore, Foreshore, Offshore
200

What is the water trapped behind a spit and the coast called?

Lagoon/estuary

300

When will a Wave Cut platform be visible?

At the low water mark - low tide

300
What is another word for a joint?
Crack or Fault
300

The Leeward side (the side sheltered or away from the wind, also called downwind) of a dune is called what?

The slack

300
Why do salt marshes often appear behind Spits?
Build up of sediment
400

What is the landform called that juts out from a bay?

Headland

400

What is an example of a popular tourist place in Victoria where the coastline exhibits arches and stacks?

The Twelve Apostles in Victoria, Australia (other answers accepted)

400

What is the beginning of a sand dune called?

Embryo Dune

400

Explain a common characteristic of a spit

A common characteristic of a spit is they often are completely curved, with a characteristic recurved head (hook); this probably results from the refraction of waves around the spit's end.

500

What types of erosion can affect a cliff?

Erosion, attrition, abrasion and corrosion

500

What type of coastline has resistant rock and does not really change its shape?  

A concordant coastline

500
What are salt tolerant plants called?
Halophytes
500

How are spits formed? 

Spits are formed where the prevailing wind blows at an angle to the coastline, resulting in longshore drift. Long Shore Drift Meeting from two different directions

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