New England
Middle Colonies
Southern Colonies
Vocabulary
Important People
100

What industries were most successful in the New England colonies?

fishing, whaling, and shipbuilding

100

Name one state which was located in the Middle Colonies.

Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, and Delaware

100

What is the name of the first permanent English settlement in the Southern colonies?

Jamestown

100

What word means a group of people who settle in a new place but keep ties to their homeland?

colony

100

What is the name of the founder of Rhode Island?

Roger Williams

200

Which New England colony was the first to establish religious freedom?

Rhode Island

200

What was the main religious group in the Pennsylvania colony?

the Quakers

200

What were the cash crops of the Southern Colonies?

tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo

200

Tobacco, rice, and indigo are examples of ____ ____.

cash crops

200

Who is the state of Pennsylvania named for?

William Penn

300

What was the name of the first permanent English colony in New England, which was founded by the Pilgrims?

Plymouth
300

What divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies?

the Mason-Dixon Line

300

Name two of the Southern Colonies.

Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia

300

Many Africans were forced to come to the colonies to work against their will. They were…

slaves (or enslaved)

300

Who was James Oglethorpe?

The founder of the Georgia colony, who wanted a place for debtors to start anew instead of service jail time.
400

Describe the weather in the New England colonies.

long, cold winters

400

Describe industry in the Middle Colonies. (What jobs did people work?)

farming grains or working in factories

400

Which Southern colony was a prison colony?

Georgia

400

Which type of colony is owned and ruled by the King of England?

royal colony

400

Who is responsible for bringing tobacco to the colonies?

John Rolfe

500

Describe the geography (land) in the New England colonies.

rocky soil, located on the coast (near oceans and rivers)

500

What was the nickname for the Middle Colonies?

"the breadbasket"

500

Describe the geography and climate of the Southern Colonies.

flat land, fertile soil and warm, wet summers

500

Unlike enslaved peoples, _______ _______ only served for 5-7 years and were then free to live their lives and own land.

indentured servants

500

Which two English-speaking Native Americans helped the Pilgrims survive their first winter in New England?

Squanto and Samoset
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