Falls Electrical Confined Space Excavation OSHA in General

100

What is a guardrail system?
A system of components including posts, top rail, mid-rail and toe board.

100

What is 1/10 of an amp (100 milliamps)?
The amount of electrical energy required to stop a person's heartbeat.

100

What is 21%? Normal air also contains 78% nitrogen.
This is the normal concentration of oxygen in air or the legal drinking age?

100

What is 5 feet?
When an excavation reaches this depth, cave-in protection is required by OSHA.

100

What are the OSHA standards for construction?
29CFR1926

200

What is 39 to 45 inches (42 inches plus or minus three)?
The required height range for the top rail of a guardrail system, according to OSHA.

200

What is a circuit breaker?
A device that protects wires from overheating and thereby prevents fires but does not protect against electric shock.

200

What is asphyxiation?
It's the leading cause of death in Confined Spaces.

200

What is 4 feet?
When an excavation reaches this depth, stairs, ladders or ramps must be provided.

200

What is the "General Duty Clause"?
5(a)(1) Hint: Not the Captain poop clause but the...

300

What is a personal fall arrest system?
It consists of a harness, lanyard and anchor point and is abbreviated "PFA".

300

What are overhead (high voltage) wires?
These wires are covered with an insulation that is meant to protect them from corrosion in the weather but not insulation with enough integrity to allow safe touching of the wires.

300

What is oxygen?
When it's missing, this either is consumed (by respiration and or by combustion) or is displaced by something heavier than air.

300

What is a competent person?
This person is defined as "one who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees, and who has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them"

300

What is 1970?
The year the OSH Act was promulgated?

400

What is 5,000 pounds per person?
The weight/force needed to be withstood for an anchor point for a personal fall arrest system.

400

What is a GFCI --- Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter?
This device protects personnel from electric shock and is required by OSHA for all cord and plug connected electrical power tools used in construction activity.

400

What is hydrogen sulfide?
This smells like rotten eggs, is toxic in low concentrations and is a normal by-product of decay of biological (animal and plant) materials.

400

What is Type A soil?
This type of soil requires the least degree of slope, required by OSHA to be at least 3/4 to 1, but soils that have previously been disturbed may not be classified as this type of soil. (Hint: a good grade in school)

400

What is "multi employer work site" policy?
It's the policy that allows OSHA to cite employers other than the exposing employer.

500

A) What is 6 feet? B) What is 6 feet?
A) The height at which OSHA requires fall protection for construction activities? B) The maximum length for a fixed length lanyard?

500

What are electrical cords and stringlights?
These may not be hung or suspended using metal fasteners such as staples, bent nails, tie-wire and so on.

500

What are carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide and methane?
These four gases are commonly found in the atmosphere, in addition to oxygen and nitrogen, in environments where biological (plant and animal) materials are decaying.

500

What are visual examination, the thumb penetration test and the plasticity (ribbon) test?
Two techniques must be used in all excavations going deeper that five feet, according to OSHA, to determine soil type. Classification of the soil is necessary to properly apply cave-in protection techniques. Simple qualitative analytical methods that do not require instrumentation and that are commonly used to determine soil types include:

500

Who is Sheila Stanley?
This person is the current South Dakota OSHA Area Director and at one-time worked for the Colorado Home Builders Association.

Construction Safety

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