Skills
Process
Theories and Frameworks
More Skills
100

Repeating significant parts of what a client is saying

Restatement

100

The acronym “GIRP” stands for what?

Goal, Intervention, Response, Problem

100

Carla Hill describes the purpose of this stage of counseling as “establishing rapport and a trusting relationship, attending and listening, helping clients explore their thoughts and narratives, facilitating emotion, and learning about clients.”

Exploration

100

Naming a feeling behind a client’s statement, or naming an emotion a client is describing  

Reflecting a Feeling, or Empathizing 

200

 A type of shorter reflection that ties together several ideas or points in a client’s statement.

Paraphrasing

200

This term describes the process of ending a therapeutic relationship.

Termination

200

This term describes thoughts, feelings, or distortions about a client based on a counselor’s previous significant relationships or experiences

Countertransference

200

A type of longer reflection that highlights main themes and significant points in a client’s statements, and signifies a transition or conclusion.

Summarizing

300

This skill is used to elicit more information from a client and “dig deeper” into a thought, feeling, behavior, or experience the client is sharing

Probing

300

True or False: Physical fighting “on equal terms” between two minors is reportable under CA mandated reporting laws.

False

300

As step beyond “competence,” this is an integral part of multicultural and anti-racist counseling.

Cultural Humility

300

This type of question is used to help the counselor gauge the significance or strength of a client’s feeling or thought. It can also be used to measure and monitor clients’ progress.

Scaling Questions

400

A counselor’s ability to address the client-counselor relationship in the moment from something that is being said, communicated, or enacted during a session.

Immediacy

400

When assessing a client for suicidality, a counselor should assess for suicidal desire, _________, and intent.

Capability 

400

This concept is central to Carl Rogers’ theory of client-centered counseling and encourages non-judgement, support, and acceptance toward clients.

Unconditional positive regard

400

This is a skill used to help clients develop a new framework, perspective, or understanding of their maladaptive thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.

Reframing

500

This form of interpretation is used by a counselor to offer their perspective/analysis of a client’s situation. Whether it is accurate or not, it helps the client get closer to uncovering a deeper meaning behind a thought, feeling, experience, or behavior.

Playing a Hunch

500

In a mental status exam, what does "euthymic" affect refer to?

"Normal" affective presentation and range

500

Name one of the three theoretical frameworks that are associated with the Insight Stage of counseling, as argued by Carla Hill.

Psychodynamic Theory, Attachment Theory, or Existential Theory

500

“On one hand _____, but on the other hand ______” is a common way to use this skill.

Noting a Discrepancy

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