Definitions
True or False
Fill in the blank
Cases
Everything

100

The power of the state to act on behalf of a child and provide care and protection equivalent to that of a parent.
What is parens patriae?

100

Most Jurisdictions do not afford Miranda rights to juveniles.
What is False

100

The final stage in the processing of adjudicated juveniles in which a decision is made on the form of treatment or penalty is the ________ hearing.
What is dispositional hearing.

100

1985 the U.S. Supreme Court held that a school official has the authority to search a student's purse, even though no warrant was issued.
What is New Jersey v. T.L.O.

100

Truancy, vagrancy, and running away from home are examples of:
What is status offenses

200

The process by which a probation officer settles cases at the initial court appearance, before the onset of formal criminal proceedings;the screening.
What is intake?

200

In re Gault extended all adult due process rights to juveniles.
What is False

200

A(n) ________ child is a child who has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if the child were an adult.
What is delinquent?

200

Which court case extended many of the rights afforded adult defendants to juvenile defendants?
What is In re Gault

200

The reform school was one product created by:
What is the child savers movement

300

The First hearing in juvenile court.
What is initial appearance?

300

Disposition is the first step in decision making regarding a juvenile whose behavior is in violation of the law.
What is false

300

A(n) ________ offender is a child who commits an act that is contrary to the law by virtue of the offender's age.
What is Status (offender)

300

Both Stanford and Wilkins alleged that the imposition of the death penalty on offenders as young as themselves violated their constitutional rights. Decision: 5 votes for Kentucky, 4 vote(s) against Legal provision: Amendment 8: Cruel and Unusual Punishment
What is STANFORD v. KENTUCKY

300

Which of the following categories of children "violate laws written only for children"?
What is status offenders

400

The juvenile court hearing at which the juvenile court hearing at which the juvenile is declared a delinquent or status offender, or no finding of fact is made.
What is adjudication?

400

In 2005, in the case of Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court set a new standard when it ruled that age is a bar to execution when the offender commits a capital crime when he or she is younger than 21.
What is False

400

_______ is the first step in decision making regarding a juvenile whose behavior or alleged behavior is in violation of the law or could otherwise cause a juvenile court to assume jurisdiction.
What is Intake

400

On appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, the government argued that allowing a state court to overturn a Supreme Court decision by looking at "evolving standards" would be dangerous, because state courts could just as easily decide that executions prohibited by the Supreme Court (such as the execution of the mentally ill in Atkins v. Virginia) were now permissible due to a change in the beliefs of the American people.
What is ROPER v. SIMMONS

400

The common law principle of parens patriae:
What allowed the state to take the place of the parents.

500

A court hearing to determine the appropriate treatment for a youth found to be a delinquent.
What is a dispositional hearing?

500

Children classified as "undisciplined" are said to be beyond parental control.
What is True

500

The juvenile ________ is the decision of the juvenile court.
What is disposition

500

Yes. In a 6-3 opinion delivered by Justice John Paul Stevens, the Court held that executions of mentally retarded criminals are "cruel and unusual punishments" prohibited by the Eighth Amendment. Since it last confronted the issue, the Court reasoned that a significant number of States have concluded that death is not a suitable punishment for a mentally retarded criminal. Moreover, the Court concluded that there was serious concern whether either justification underpinning the death penalty - retribution and deterrence of capital crimes - applies to mentally retarded offenders, due to their lessened culpability.
What is ATKINS v. VIRGINIA

500

What is the name of the act that the federal government passed that resembled juvenile legislation in Illinois?
What is The Juvenile Court Act