Definitions True or False Fill in the blank Cases Everything

100

What is parens patriae?
The power of the state to act on behalf of a child and provide care and protection equivalent to that of a parent.

100

What is False
Most Jurisdictions do not afford Miranda rights to juveniles.

100

What is dispositional hearing.
The final stage in the processing of adjudicated juveniles in which a decision is made on the form of treatment or penalty is the ________ hearing.

100

What is New Jersey v. T.L.O.
1985 the U.S. Supreme Court held that a school official has the authority to search a student's purse, even though no warrant was issued.

100

What is status offenses
Truancy, vagrancy, and running away from home are examples of:

200

What is intake?
The process by which a probation officer settles cases at the initial court appearance, before the onset of formal criminal proceedings;the screening.

200

What is False
In re Gault extended all adult due process rights to juveniles.

200

What is delinquent?
A(n) ________ child is a child who has engaged in activity that would be considered a crime if the child were an adult.

200

What is In re Gault
Which court case extended many of the rights afforded adult defendants to juvenile defendants?

200

What is the child savers movement
The reform school was one product created by:

300

What is initial appearance?
The First hearing in juvenile court.

300

What is false
Disposition is the first step in decision making regarding a juvenile whose behavior is in violation of the law.

300

What is Status (offender)
A(n) ________ offender is a child who commits an act that is contrary to the law by virtue of the offender's age.

300

What is STANFORD v. KENTUCKY
Both Stanford and Wilkins alleged that the imposition of the death penalty on offenders as young as themselves violated their constitutional rights. Decision: 5 votes for Kentucky, 4 vote(s) against Legal provision: Amendment 8: Cruel and Unusual Punishment

300

What is status offenders
Which of the following categories of children "violate laws written only for children"?

400

What is adjudication?
The juvenile court hearing at which the juvenile court hearing at which the juvenile is declared a delinquent or status offender, or no finding of fact is made.

400

What is False
In 2005, in the case of Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court set a new standard when it ruled that age is a bar to execution when the offender commits a capital crime when he or she is younger than 21.

400

What is Intake
_______ is the first step in decision making regarding a juvenile whose behavior or alleged behavior is in violation of the law or could otherwise cause a juvenile court to assume jurisdiction.

400

What is ROPER v. SIMMONS
On appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court, the government argued that allowing a state court to overturn a Supreme Court decision by looking at "evolving standards" would be dangerous, because state courts could just as easily decide that executions prohibited by the Supreme Court (such as the execution of the mentally ill in Atkins v. Virginia) were now permissible due to a change in the beliefs of the American people.

400

What allowed the state to take the place of the parents.
The common law principle of parens patriae:

500

What is a dispositional hearing?
A court hearing to determine the appropriate treatment for a youth found to be a delinquent.

500

What is True
Children classified as "undisciplined" are said to be beyond parental control.

500

What is disposition
The juvenile ________ is the decision of the juvenile court.

500

What is ATKINS v. VIRGINIA
Yes. In a 6-3 opinion delivered by Justice John Paul Stevens, the Court held that executions of mentally retarded criminals are "cruel and unusual punishments" prohibited by the Eighth Amendment. Since it last confronted the issue, the Court reasoned that a significant number of States have concluded that death is not a suitable punishment for a mentally retarded criminal. Moreover, the Court concluded that there was serious concern whether either justification underpinning the death penalty - retribution and deterrence of capital crimes - applies to mentally retarded offenders, due to their lessened culpability.

500

What is The Juvenile Court Act
What is the name of the act that the federal government passed that resembled juvenile legislation in Illinois?

Criminal Justice Jeopardy

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