Earth's Structure & History
Plate Tectonics
Natural Disasters
Energy Resources
Waves
100
What is the difference between lava and magma?

Lava is molten rock ABOVE the surface & Magma is BELOW the surface

100

Name the 4 Earth's layers in order from OUTER to INNER.

Crust

Mantle

Outer Core

Inner Core

100

Describe a natural disaster

OPEN RESPONSE

100

What is the difference between nonrenewable and renewable resources?

Renewable - those that can be replaced or never runs out.

Nonrenewable - those that cannot be replaced at the same rate it is being used.

100

What are the 2 types of waves?

Mechanical & Electromagnetic

200

What is the Law of Superposition?

When sedimentary rock layers are deposited, younger layers are on top of older rock layers.

200

What is convection?

cool material sinks as hot material rises due to

DENSITY

200

What is the difference between high and low pressure?

High - pressure weather system brings clear skies and fair weather.

Low - pressure weather system brings clouds, precipitation, and storms

200

List the 4 nonrenewable resources & 5 renewable resources

Nonrenewable: Coal, Oil, Natural Gas, & Nuclear Energy

Renewable: Wind, Geothermal, Biomass, Solar, Hydroelectric

200

What are the 2 types of mechanical waves?

Transverse and Compressional

300

Name the time periods in order from MOST RECENT to OLDEST.

Cenozoic

Mesozoic

Paleozoic

Precambrian


300

Explain the movements of all 3 plate boundaries?

Convergent - two plates colliding with each other

Divergent - two plates moving away from each other

Transform - two plates sliding horizontally past each other


300

What is the name of the area where tornadoes are most likely to occur?

Tornado Valley

300

List an advantage and disadvantage of nonrenewable resource.

Any of the following are acceptable:

Disadvantage - Harmful environment, habitat disruption, health risks, easily exhausted 

Advantage - cost effective, higher efficiency, easy storage, simple transport

300

What are the parts of a compressional wave?

Compression and Rarefaction

400

Explain how ALL 3 rocks form

Sedimentary - Weathering & Erosion AND Compaction & Cementation

Igneous - Melting & Cooling/Hardening of magma or lava

Metamorphic - Heat & Pressure

400

List the 4 pieces of evidence Wegener used to prove Pangea was true.

Puzzle-Piece Fit

Rock Formations

Fossils

Climate

400

Name one natural disaster and what makes it occur

OPEN RESPONSE

400

Explain the difference in how coal vs oil/natural gas is formed?

Natural gas & oil are formed by decomposed plant & animal matter; coal is formed by decomposed plant matter only.
400

What are the parts of a transverse wave?

Crest, Trough, Wavelength, Amplitude

500

Explain the difference between absolute & relative dating

Absolute: Determines exactly how many years old something is

Relative: Determines if one thing is younger or older than another

500

Explain what the 3 types of convergent boundaries form

Continental vs Continental - folded mountains

Oceanic vs Continental - volcanic mountain range

Oceanic vs Oceanic - arcs of volcanic islands

500

Some natural disasters can be predicted, name the technology used to predict the following: Hurricanes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, & Tornadoes

Hurricanes - Saffir-Simpson Scale

Earthquakes - Richter Scale

Tsunamis - DART (Deep-Ocean Assessment & Reporting)

Tornadoes - Fujita Scale


500

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) is one of the main Greenhouse gases. Name 2 ways humans contribute to rising CO2 levels.

Deforestation, Burning fossil fuels (transportation & electricity), Breathing

500

What happens to the medium after a wave travels through?

It returns to its original position.

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