Small Intestine
Chemical Digestion
Large Intestine
Liver, Pancreas and Gall Bladder
Which organ?
100
The first 25cm of the small intestine and where most digestion takes place.
What is the duodenum?
100
The results of chemically digesting fats.
What are fatty acids and glycerol.
100
This organ was once used to help digest the cellulose in plant matter, but it is not useful now. It needs to be surgically removed if it becomes infected by bacteria.
What is the appendix?
100
The organ that stores bile and pumps it into the duodenum.
What is the Gall Bladder?
100
Where protein digestion begins.
What is the stomach.
200
The two organs that produce digestive fluids that are secreted into the small intestine.
What are the liver and pancreas?
200
The liquid that breaks down large fat droplets into smaller ones so they can mix more easily with the juices from the small intestine and pancreas.
What is bile?
200
This material passes through the colon and is composed of water, undigested food, mucus, dead cells, and bacteria.
What is feces?
200
The substance produced by the liver.
What is bile?
200
Where most chemical digestion occurs.
What is the small intestine.
300
The tiny projections that cover the surface of the folds in the small intestine.
What are villi and microvilli.
300
The nutrients that are chemically digested in the small intestine.
What are carbohydrates, proteins and fats?
300
When the feces move through the large intestine too quickly and there’s not enough time for water to be absorbed (too much water in the feces).
What is diarrhea?
300
The largest organ in the body.
What is the liver?
300
Wastes are stored here.
What is the rectum?
400
The process by which the nutrients from the digested food pass into the blood vessels through the wall of the small intestine
What is diffusion?
400
The result of chemically digesting proteins.
What are amino acids?
400
When the feces move through the colon too slowly and too much water is absorbed (not enough water in the feces).
What is constipation?
400
A liquid that is basic/alkaline (not acidic) and is used to neutralizes stomach acid.
What is pancreatic juice?
400
This organ receives bile and pancreatic juice.
What is the small intestine?
500
The diameter of the small intestine.
What are the is 2.5 centimeters.
500
The result of chemically digesting carbohydrates.
What are simple sugars.
500
These pass through the walls of the large intestine into the bloodstream.
What are water and minerals?
500
Pancreatic juice is full of these specialized proteins that help finish digesting carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
What are enzymes?
500
This organ stores bile.
What is the gall bladder?
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