Memory
Process
Hindrances
Enhancements
Types
10

The set of processes used to encode, store, and retrieve information over time

Memory

10

Input of sounds, words, and music

Acoustic encoding.

10

Inability to form new memories

Anterograde Amnesia

10

Father of Experimental Psychology

Wilhelm Wundt

10

Conscious Memories that can be put into words, such as events, facts, and word meanings

 

Declarative or Explicit memory

20

Inputs information into the memory system

Encoding

20

Input of words and their meaning

Semantic encoding

20

Accessibility of information in memory is temporarily blocked

Blocking

20

Conscious repetition of information to be remembered.

Rehearsal

20

Experienced Events like Birthday Parties, Weddings, etc

Episodic memory

30

Is the retention of the encoded information

Storage

30

Where you hold information you are consciously aware of

Short-Term Memory

30

Memory is distributed across the cortex – made by multiple neuro pathways.

Distributive Nature of Memory

30

Technique in which you think about the meaning of the new information and its relation to knowledge already stored in your memory.

Elaborative rehearsal

30

Unconscious Memories that replicate learned behaviors, including emotions.

Non-Declarative or Implicit memory

40

Is getting the information out of memory and back into awareness

Retrieval

40

7 +/- 2

Capacity of short-term memory

40

Loss of memory for events that occurred prior to brain trauma

Retrograde Amnesia

40

Memory aids that help us organize information for encoding.

Mnemonic devices

40

Skills and Actions such as Riding a bike, using a mop, etc…

Procedural memory

50

The transformation of one kind of energy into another kind of energy.

Transduction

50

A memory store for briefly holding sensory information, primarily sights and sounds

Sensory memory

50

Effects of misinformation from external sources lead to the creation of false memories

Suggestibility

50

Make information personally meaningful to YOU to help improve retention.

The self-reference effect  

50

Emotional responses to life events are stored. These emotional memories can be activated by new, external or internal events.

Emotional Conditioning

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