Vocabulary
Explorers
Reasons for Exploration
Challenges
Impact on Natives

100

What do we call a journey of exploration?
mutiny

100

What Henry Hudson's crew due to him?
Mutiny (They sent him and some other crew members out to sea on a small boat)

100

Name four goods that Europeans wanted from Asia
gold, ivory, perfume, silk, spices, slaves, fruits, nuts

100

Give two reasons why the weather would present a challenge to explorers
Storms could cause heavy waves and blow ships off route Bitter cold temperature would cause frostbite

100

What did the Spanish Conquistadors do when they arrived in what is no South America?
They fought and destroyed several Native American empires

200

A collection of lands ruled by the nation that conquered them is called a what?
An empire

200

What is Christopher Columbus known for?
He was the first European explorer to arrive in the Americas (Indies)

200

What religion were Europeans hoping to convert Native Americans to?
Christianity

200

Why did explorers not have enough food?
There was no way to keep food fresh on ships so the food would spoil.

200

What was the Columbian Exchange?
It was a massive transfer of goods (fruits, vegetables, animals, and plants) between the East and West

300

What is a cartographer?
A mapmaker

300

What is Ferdinand Magellan known for?
He was the first explorer to sail around the world

300

What was the Northwest Passage that so many explorers looked for?
It is a waterway that connects the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans

300

Why would crew members turn against their captains? (mutiny)
Because they were tired, hungry, cold, sick and desperate

300

Why did so many Native Americans contract diseases when the explorers arrived?
Because Native Americans were never exposed to the germs that Europeans had and therefore their immunity systems could not fight them off and they became sick.

400

What is an astrolabe?
An instrument used to calculate the positions of the sun, moon, and stars

400

Why was Prince Henry known as the "Explorer who Stay Home."
Because he organized many expeditions but never went on any of them.

400

What did the explorers try to find a water route to Asia?
Because the Turks closed the Silk Road and the Europeans still wanted to get to Asia to trade

400

Why did disease spread so quickly on ships?
Because explorers lived in very close quarters with each other and they didn't have good sanitation (take showers,wash hands) so germs would spread quickly.

400

What would explorers do if they wanted the land that Native Americans had already settled on?
They would just take it from them (battle them for it)

500

Explorers used this kind of ship because it used square or triangular sails to travel long distances quickly.
A caravel

500

What are Dias and Da Gama known for?
They were the first Europeans to sail around the tip of Africa.

500

Why would Kings and Queens pay explorers to go on expeditions?
They were hoping the explorers would gain wealth and land for their country

500

Why didn't explorers have accurate maps?
Because they had never been to all of the parts of the earth, so they didn't know what it really looked like.

500

Why would the Europeans usually win during battles against the Native Americans?
Because Europeans had better developed weapons and horses