Vocabulary Explorers Reasons for Exploration Challenges Impact on Natives

100

mutiny
What do we call a journey of exploration?

100

Mutiny (They sent him and some other crew members out to sea on a small boat)
What Henry Hudson's crew due to him?

100

gold, ivory, perfume, silk, spices, slaves, fruits, nuts
Name four goods that Europeans wanted from Asia

100

Storms could cause heavy waves and blow ships off route Bitter cold temperature would cause frostbite
Give two reasons why the weather would present a challenge to explorers

100

They fought and destroyed several Native American empires
What did the Spanish Conquistadors do when they arrived in what is no South America?

200

An empire
A collection of lands ruled by the nation that conquered them is called a what?

200

He was the first European explorer to arrive in the Americas (Indies)
What is Christopher Columbus known for?

200

Christianity
What religion were Europeans hoping to convert Native Americans to?

200

There was no way to keep food fresh on ships so the food would spoil.
Why did explorers not have enough food?

200

It was a massive transfer of goods (fruits, vegetables, animals, and plants) between the East and West
What was the Columbian Exchange?

300

A mapmaker
What is a cartographer?

300

He was the first explorer to sail around the world
What is Ferdinand Magellan known for?

300

It is a waterway that connects the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans
What was the Northwest Passage that so many explorers looked for?

300

Because they were tired, hungry, cold, sick and desperate
Why would crew members turn against their captains? (mutiny)

300

Because Native Americans were never exposed to the germs that Europeans had and therefore their immunity systems could not fight them off and they became sick.
Why did so many Native Americans contract diseases when the explorers arrived?

400

An instrument used to calculate the positions of the sun, moon, and stars
What is an astrolabe?

400

Because he organized many expeditions but never went on any of them.
Why was Prince Henry known as the "Explorer who Stay Home."

400

Because the Turks closed the Silk Road and the Europeans still wanted to get to Asia to trade
What did the explorers try to find a water route to Asia?

400

Because explorers lived in very close quarters with each other and they didn't have good sanitation (take showers,wash hands) so germs would spread quickly.
Why did disease spread so quickly on ships?

400

They would just take it from them (battle them for it)
What would explorers do if they wanted the land that Native Americans had already settled on?

500

A caravel
Explorers used this kind of ship because it used square or triangular sails to travel long distances quickly.

500

They were the first Europeans to sail around the tip of Africa.
What are Dias and Da Gama known for?

500

They were hoping the explorers would gain wealth and land for their country
Why would Kings and Queens pay explorers to go on expeditions?

500

Because they had never been to all of the parts of the earth, so they didn't know what it really looked like.
Why didn't explorers have accurate maps?

500

Because Europeans had better developed weapons and horses
Why would the Europeans usually win during battles against the Native Americans?

Early Explorers Review

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