Vocabulary 2
Greece's Geography and Economy
Famous Greek Legends and Myths
Leaders, Kings, and Philosophers
Vocabulary 1

100

A group or army of allies.

League

100

Where is Greece located and what seas border it?

Greece is located on the Balkan Peninsula, and is bordered by the Mediterranean, Aegean, Ionian Seas.

100

A mythical king in the island of Crete, son of Zeus and Europa who was believed to have created a very successful code of laws; so grand that he became one of the three judges of the Underworld.

King Minos

100

He is a leader and poet who came to power in 594 BCE, made many reforms to the laws of Athens.He canceled all debts and freed all Athenian citizens who sold themselves into slavery. Who was he?

Solon.

100

A fort built on top of a hill.

Acropolis

200

An oppressive or cruel ruler or leader.

Tyrant

200

What are some of the jobs that Greeks specialized in?

Fishing, selling goods, making pottery, or even acting.

200

This poem talks about the Trojan War and the adventures a man has on his ten-year journey home from war.

Hint: This man's name was also the name of the poem.

Odysseus

200

He led a huge army against the Greeks and was defeated in the Battle of Marathon in Athens.

King Darius

200

A Greek open-air market.

Agora

300

A government controlled by a small group of people.

Oligarchy

300

What present day places have Ancient Greece colonized in?

Italy, Sicily, and parts of Turkey.

300

One of the ancient world's greatest poets. Many believe he was blind, as a result of one of his epics. Some say he was born in Ionia, in Asia Minor, somewhere between 1200 BCE and 700 BCE. However, many aren't quite sure if he was just a legend.

Homer.

300

An Athenian philosopher during the Classical period in Ancient Greece, who also founded the Platonist school of thought.

Plato

300

When different societies take or borrow ideas from each other.

Cultural Borrowing

400

A strip of land that connects two large pieces of land.

Isthmus

400

Merchants from which continents traded with Greece?

All Greek islands, Egypt, parts of Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe.

400

People call it the ''light'' in the Dark Ages. It was the discovery of this certain material, that brought strength and great changes to Greek's empire. What is this material?

Iron

400

A classical Greek philosopher who also is believed to have been one of the founders of Western philosophy.

Socrates

400

Legends passed down from one generation to another.

Mythology

500

Relating to a long poem about heroic deeds.

Epic

500

What did Greek farmers cultivate?

Olives, figs, grapes, and grain.

500

A greek fabulist who wrote stories to teach morals, often using animals.

Aesop

500

Known as the Father of Athenian Democracy.

Cleisthenes

500

A process in which each member has one vote, and the person or idea that receives the most votes is chosen.

Majority Rule