Rocks & Minerals
Plate Tectonics
Weathering & Erosion
Astronomy
Hydrology & Meteorology

100

Tessa found several different types of rocks in a river. What will all of the rocks contain?
What are minerals

100

The theory that Earth's layers are broken into pieces that float on top of the asthenosphere.
What is the theory of plate tectonics

100

What kind of weathering would be most common in the rainforest?
chemical weathering

100

What space object burns up in the Earth's atmosphere and is know as a "shooting star"?
What is a meteor

100

What has the most influence on ocean tides?
What is gravity between the Earth and the Moon

200

What can be found in sedimentary rocks but never in metamorphic or igneous rocks?
What is the presence of fossils

200

Fossils of an ancient fernlike plant have been found on several different continents. Who said these fossils helped prove that the continents were once joined.
Alfred Wegener

200

As a farmer grows crops, nutrients in the soil are used and depleted. To add more nutrients to the soil, what should the farmer add to the soil?
What is decomposed organic matter

200

Between what two planets is the asteroid belt located?
What is Mars and Jupiter

200

What causes one ocean or part of one ocean to be more salty than another?
What is rate of evaporation

300

What is necessary to change an igneous rock into a sedimentary rock?
What is weathering, erosion, and cementation

300

What action in the Earth's mantle causes the plates to move?
What are convection currents

300

From the winter to the spring a boulder develops a huge crack in it. What most likely caused the crack in the rock?
What is water had frozen and thawed inside the rock

300

Which movement causes the position of the stars in the sky to change?
What is the rotation of Earth on its axis.

300

When heat from the Sun unevenly warms the Earth's surface, warm air risies and cooler air rushes in. This is a description of
What is how winds are created.

400

What cycle causes all rocks to be able to change to any other type of rock?
What is the rock cycle

400

When the sea floor spreads apart, volcanoes and ridges are formed because
What is as the plates spread apart, magma moves to the surface, building ridges

400

What process formed the Grand Canyon?
What is water erosion

400

What causes our seasons to change?
What is the earth rotating on its axis at 23.5 degrees and revolving around the Sun

400

On the ocean floor, where would you most likely find evidence of tectonic plate movement?
What is the mid ocean ridge.

500

Explain how each type of rock is formed? (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic).
What is Igneous-magma or lava cooling and hardening Sedimentary- rocks being weathered, eroded, deposited, cemented, and compacted Metamorphic- adding heat and pressure

500

Describe the reason humans cannot travel to the center of the Earth
What is because temperature, density, composition, and pressure would all increase to levels that would squash our bodies!

500

What is the difference between weathering, erosion, and deposition?
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks into sediment. Erosion is the carrying away of sediment by wind, water, ice, and gravity. Deposition is the dropping of sediment in a new location.

500

Explain the difference between the Geocentric and Heliocentric models of the Universe Which model was correct?
What is the Geocentric model was set with everything revolving around the Earth. The Heliocentric model was set with the Sun in the middle. The Geocentric model has the correct setup.

500

Name and describe the stages of the water cycle.
What are; evaporation-water turns to vapor condensation-water vapor condenses in the atmosphere creating clouds precipitation-condensed water droplets become too heavy and fall from the sky runoff- water runs into oceans, rivers, and seas