Rocks & Minerals Plate Tectonics Weathering & Erosion Astronomy Hydrology & Meteorology

100

What are minerals
Tessa found several different types of rocks in a river. What will all of the rocks contain?

100

What is the theory of plate tectonics
The theory that Earth's layers are broken into pieces that float on top of the asthenosphere.

100

chemical weathering
What kind of weathering would be most common in the rainforest?

100

What is a meteor
What space object burns up in the Earth's atmosphere and is know as a "shooting star"?

100

What is gravity between the Earth and the Moon
What has the most influence on ocean tides?

200

What is the presence of fossils
What can be found in sedimentary rocks but never in metamorphic or igneous rocks?

200

Alfred Wegener
Fossils of an ancient fernlike plant have been found on several different continents. Who said these fossils helped prove that the continents were once joined.

200

What is decomposed organic matter
As a farmer grows crops, nutrients in the soil are used and depleted. To add more nutrients to the soil, what should the farmer add to the soil?

200

What is Mars and Jupiter
Between what two planets is the asteroid belt located?

200

What is rate of evaporation
What causes one ocean or part of one ocean to be more salty than another?

300

What is weathering, erosion, and cementation
What is necessary to change an igneous rock into a sedimentary rock?

300

What are convection currents
What action in the Earth's mantle causes the plates to move?

300

What is water had frozen and thawed inside the rock
From the winter to the spring a boulder develops a huge crack in it. What most likely caused the crack in the rock?

300

What is the rotation of Earth on its axis.
Which movement causes the position of the stars in the sky to change?

300

What is how winds are created.
When heat from the Sun unevenly warms the Earth's surface, warm air risies and cooler air rushes in. This is a description of

400

What is the rock cycle
What cycle causes all rocks to be able to change to any other type of rock?

400

What is as the plates spread apart, magma moves to the surface, building ridges
When the sea floor spreads apart, volcanoes and ridges are formed because

400

What is water erosion
What process formed the Grand Canyon?

400

What is the earth rotating on its axis at 23.5 degrees and revolving around the Sun
What causes our seasons to change?

400

What is the mid ocean ridge.
On the ocean floor, where would you most likely find evidence of tectonic plate movement?

500

What is Igneous-magma or lava cooling and hardening Sedimentary- rocks being weathered, eroded, deposited, cemented, and compacted Metamorphic- adding heat and pressure
Explain how each type of rock is formed? (igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic).

500

What is because temperature, density, composition, and pressure would all increase to levels that would squash our bodies!
Describe the reason humans cannot travel to the center of the Earth

500

Weathering is the breaking down of rocks into sediment. Erosion is the carrying away of sediment by wind, water, ice, and gravity. Deposition is the dropping of sediment in a new location.
What is the difference between weathering, erosion, and deposition?

500

What is the Geocentric model was set with everything revolving around the Earth. The Heliocentric model was set with the Sun in the middle. The Geocentric model has the correct setup.
Explain the difference between the Geocentric and Heliocentric models of the Universe Which model was correct?

500

What are; evaporation-water turns to vapor condensation-water vapor condenses in the atmosphere creating clouds precipitation-condensed water droplets become too heavy and fall from the sky runoff- water runs into oceans, rivers, and seas
Name and describe the stages of the water cycle.

Earth Science CRCT Review

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