Rocks
Geological Process
Landslides and Erosion
Layers of the Earth
Volcanoes and Earthquakes

100

As the wind blows against the rocks, the particles rub against the rocks and wear them down in a process called....
abrasion

100

What is a hotspot?
a plume of magma that is close to lithosphere and creates volcanoes as the plate moves above it, Hawaii and Yellowstone are examples.

100

Rainstorm washes sand and sediment into the Colorado river, which eventually deposits the sediments into the ocean. This process is called.... There are 2 answers.
Erosion and deposition

100

Name the 4 layers of Earth.
Inner core Outer core Mantle Crust

100

Which type of plate boundary has two plates that slide along each other?
Transform.

200

Granite and basalt are type of _______ rocks.
igneous

200

How many types of weathering are there? Name them.
There are 2 types of weathering, physical and chemical.

200

What are the most common types of erosion?
Erosion by wind, water, and ice.

200

Which layer is the hottest?
The inner core.

200

What is the difference in lava and magma?
lava is outside the Earth and magma is inside.

300

What causes a rock to turn into sediments? There are 2 answers.
Weathering and erosion.

300

Name 3 processes that glaciers cause?
Erosion Weathering Deposition

300

What causes landslides?
Gravity

300

Which layer of the earth is the densest?
The inner core.

300

What is the name of the scale used to measure the strength of an earthquake?
The Richter Scale

400

The volcano Kilauea on the big island of Hawaii is erupting and lava is ejected from the volcano vent. The lava solidifies to form what type of rock?
Extrusive Igneous.

400

Which one of the following is NOT one of the three types of plate boundaries? A. Divergent B. Hotspot C. Convergent D. Transform
B. Hotspot

400

What is erosion?
The process of materials moving from their source to another location through weathering.

400

What are the 3 types of plate boundaries?
Transform Convergent Divergent

400

What is a caldera?
A large hole at the top of a volcano. It forms when land collapses are the volcano erupts.

500

What type of rock is formed from extensive heat and pressure?
Metamorphic rock.

500

Which geological process causes earthquakes?
Plate tectonics.

500

What is the rapid downhill movement of large amounts of rock, soil, and other materials?
Landslide

500

The crust has cracks in it. What do those cracks create?
Tectonic Plates

500

Due to the gap created plates pulling apart from each other, magma will often come to the earth's surface. What type of plate boundary is that called?
Divergent.